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Reasons Behind The Industrial Revolution Essay

3264 words - 13 pages

Reasons Behind the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the widespread replacement of labor by
machines driven by water wheels, windmills and later by steam power.
This change called the Industrial Revolution was a process, which
began in the 18th century and continued well into the 19th century.
The Industrial Revolution was the result of interrelated changes,
which transformed agricultural economies into industrial ones. The
immediate changes made by the Industrial Revolution were the nature of
productions. This included what was produced, as well as where and how
they were produced. The Industrial Revolution replaced the Domestic
System; this was when goods that were traditionally made in home or
small workshops began to be manufactured in large factories. The
Industrial Revolution overturned not only traditional economies but
also whole societies. Economic changes caused far reaching social
changes, including the movement of people to cities in search of work,
the availability of a greater variety of materials, and new ways of
doing business. These are a few of the several reasons why the
Industrial Revolution was so important. This essay will explain what
caused the massive change in Britain's industry.

One major cause of the Industrial Revolution was Britain's population
increase. Between 1780 and 1851, the population of Britain grew
rapidly. Historians do not agree about the specific causes of the
population explosion, but it is clear that two main factors were at
work. These were the rising birth rate and the falling death rate. For
a variety of reasons people lived longer and the death rate fell
significantly. Plagues, such as bubonic plague, which killed large
numbers of people in 1665, had been eliminated with the unexplained
disappearance of the plague carrying black rat. There were important
improvements in medical knowledge, such as the discovery of a vaccine
against smallpox. Even though the growing population caused problems
such as overcrowding of homes and villages, people still benefited
from it. For example, many people flocked to large industrial cities
such as Manchester and Liverpool due to the enclosure of land. This
meant that the rising population of Britain helped cause the
Industrial Revolution because Britain's industry needed labor to
operate the machines in the factories and the large growing population
resolved this issue. One problem with this is that some of the new
factories started in places where there were not a lot of people to
work in them. However as people were in search of work they would have
still worked at the deserted areas where some factories were located
if they needed the work urgently as many of them did. Another reason
why Britain why Britain's population growth caused the Industrial
Revolution is because there...

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