Causes Of World War 1 Essay

735 words - 3 pages

World War one took place from 1914-1918. Today historians still disagree about the fundamental causes as there were numerous factors contributing to the outbreak of war. Even though it was initiated by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Bosnian Serb whose name was Gavrilo Princip, WWI was a result of numerous other causes, one of them being the alliance system which was a direct cause of mistrust and belligerent attitudes in Europe. The alliance system which was developed in Europe in the previous decades, as a cause for the war is still an important topic that is debatable. By the summer of 1914, Europe's major powers had been divided into the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France, and Russia). The alliance system did cause WWI to the extent of the size of the war by bringing and pulling countries in to the war.Firstly, alliances held nations to a certain standard and normally asked something from each member. The triple alliance promised each country to provide military support in the case of war. When the Triple Entente was created, it did not aim for reciprocal arrangements for support, though it did allow a wide variety of arrangements and negotiations to occur. One negotiation was the support in war though. The extent of the alliance system is discernible when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and Russia mobilized troops to help their Slavic Serbs. As a result, Germany declared war on Russia. Then France began mobilizing to assist their ally Russia and to protect their interests. The outcome was that Germany declared war on France too, thus initiating the German Schlieffen Plan which was to go through Belgium to swiftly take over Paris, France and then rush back to the eastern front in time to confront Russia. As Germany infiltrated Belgium, Britain was pulled in the war as a result being their ally due to the old Secret Treaty of London, and therefore Britain declared war on Germany. Also Austria-Hungary was pulled into the battle when Germany declared war on France and Russia in order to fulfill their part of the alliance. Alliances pulled countries...

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