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Causes Of The Reformation Essay

1030 words - 4 pages

Hannah Simpkins.Luther and the Reformation essay task Topic 2- Martin Luther lived in a period of extraordinary change. Describe the social, economic and technological changes happening during this period, and reflect on the way this helped Luther and his ideas become so famousESSAY The reformation was a time of change socially, economically and technologically. Martin Luther lived during this time, where the printing press was evolving; making bible translating easier and protestant churches were arising. Because of these advances, his wise words and teachings were able to become famous and make big changes in the church and in Western Europe at the time. The printing press was one thing that helped Luther and his ideas to become so famous. The printing press was invented in 1445. Before this if you wanted to make copies of books they had to be written out by hand onto animal skin that had been scraped until it was clean, smooth and thin. Because so much labour was put into making each book, they were very expensive to make and rare for common people to be able to buy. The printing press made book making a lot quicker and easier which meant it was a lot less expensive and more people could buy reading material. In 1518 Christoph von Scheurl and other friends of Luther translated his 95 theses (eg. "16. Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ as do despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety"-Martin Luther) into German. It was then printed and copied making it one of the first documents to be printed with the help of the printing press. Within two weeks copies of the theses had spread throughout Germany and soon after they had been copied across Europe. This greatly increased the knowledge of Martin Luther and made many other people across Europe protest to the structure and ways of the Roman Catholic Church.This technological advance made possible something that was very important in the spread of Luther's ideas; Luther's bible, which is still being published in Germany today. Luther's bible is a German bible translated by Martin Luther, first printed with both testaments in 1534. It was not only considered to be important in Luther's ideas becoming more well-known but also important in the evolution of the modern German language. Luther began to translate the New Testament into German in order to make it more accessible to all the people of the 'Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation'. To help him in translating, Luther would make journeys to nearby town and markets to listen to people speak. He wanted to make sure the people would be able to understand the translation closely to their current language usage. Even though the Luther bible was not the first German translation of the book, it was surely the most influential. This is because Luther's translation of the bible was followed by protestant versions in other languages, especially the French, Dutch and English. The bible was no longer a foreign book in a foreign language to...

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