This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Reciprocity Treaty Essay

5132 words - 21 pages

Rohan Anand Student #: 996880629A Detailed documentation and analysis of The Reciprocity Movement and Treaty of 1854
TABLE OF CONTENTS

S. No.

Sub-Topic

Page No.

1.

Introduction

2

2.

Historical Context

3

3.

Origins

4

4.

British Policy & The Treaty

5

5.

Negotiations at Washington

6-7

6.

Early Popularity and Criticism

8-9

7.

Effects of Reciprocity

10-13

8.

Abrogation of the Treaty

14-16

9.

Reciprocity and the Confederation

17

10.

Concluding Remarks

18

INTRODUCTIONGreat Britain's abrogation of protective tariffs in 1846 led Canada to look for new export opportunities for its products. It turned to its neighbour to the South, the United States1 and an agreement called, 'The Reciprocity Treaty' was signed on June 5th 1854, with the aim to regulate commercial relations between the United States and the British possessions in North America2 i.e. Canada. Reciprocity meant, the attempt to create in North America, a single market area, covering several distinct political jurisdictions, in which certain specified types of products could be freely exchanged.3 The Reciprocity treaty consisted of seven articles; the first two related to the fisheries, the third to reciprocal trade, the fourth to the navigation of the St. Lawrence river, the fifth to the duration and abrogation of the treaty, the sixth to the extension of the provisions of the treaty to Newfoundland and the last article, to the ratification of the treaty.4 Its principal provisions5 were; firstly, American fisherman were given free access to Canadian (British colonies) coastal fisheries and could land on-shore to dry nets and cure fish. Similarly, Canadian fishermen received the same privileges to American fisheries, north of the thirty sixth parallel. Secondly, import duties were abolished on a wide variety of products (grain, flour, coal, livestock, fish, timber etc.) imported into Canada (British North American colonies) from the USA and vice versa. Thirdly, vessels owned by the USA, were allowed to use the St. Lawrence and other Canadian canals on the same basis as domestic carriers. In turn, Canadian vessels were allowed similar privileges on Lake Michigan as well as recommended that the individual states take similar actions for canals under their jurisdiction.___________________________________1. http://www.histori.ca/peace/page.do?pageID=345 as on Oct. 21st 20112. 'The Reciprocity Treaty of 1854' by Frederick E. Haynes (American Economic Association)3. 'Canadian Economic History' by Aitken and Easterbrook - Development Strategy: 1849 - 18674. 'The Reciprocity Treaty of 1854' by Frederick E. Haynes (American Economic Association)5. 'Canadian Economic History' by Aitken and Easterbrook - Development Strategy: 1849 - 1867HISTORICAL CONTEXTThe Canadian economy has always been linked in great part to its exports. Until the middle of the 19th century, Great Britain and its empire, which was comprised of various colonies,...

Find Another Essay On Reciprocity Treaty

Queen liliuokalani Essay

663 words - 3 pages Liliuokalani was queen and all she wanted was to gain back some of the power of the monarchy that had been lost when Kalakaua was king. She also tried to restore some of the traditional power over Hawaii’s throne. She opposed to the renewed Reciprocity Treaty of 1887 that Kalakaua had sighed when he was in the throne, granting the United States commercial concessions and giving them power to the port of Pearl Harbor. This was worse for her because she

Euroscepticism Essay

1684 words - 7 pages treaty (1992), and the European Act (1986). Within the Treaty of Lisbon, the preamble commits the EU to, ‘promote … solidarity among Member States.’ (2007) Scattered throughout other treaties and protocols is the notion of solidarity, and member state solidarity permeates through many European Institutions. Within the EU, the notion of member state solidarity advocates a high level of internal cohesion. It is described as the ‘value binding

Korean History and Culture

1265 words - 6 pages Prior to the seventeenth century, encompassing more than two and a half centuries, Korea held firm to the tradition of non-reciprocity with countries other than China due to its devastating history of being invaded by neighboring countries. Such invasions included the Japanese invasions of 1592 and 1597 and the Manchu invasions of 1627 and 1636. Due to their closed borders, Korea became known as the “Hermit Kingdom” (Eunjung and Wolpin 2008). It

Response to Terrorism: Military Vengeance or Positive Actions?

873 words - 3 pages has expressly acknowledged that executive power and, in addition, has specifically authorized the use of "all necessary and appropriate force" against the persons and organizations that conducted the attack and those states that aided or harbored the terrorists. Likewise, under international law the United States has the right of self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter, and NATO members have invoked Article 5 of the NATO Treaty

Claus Spreckels

848 words - 4 pages . The Spreckels family arrived on Maui in 1876 and he quickly became “the sugar king” of Hawaii along with the rest of the US. He immediately got involved in local media, as he became the owner and president of The Honolulu Advertiser. Spreckels took advantage of the Reciprocity Treaty and bought and sold his land continuously. During his time in Hawaii, he befriended Kalakaua and they played poker together regularly. Claus got conceited one time

International Relations and Its Three Theories

1657 words - 7 pages global environment, I enrolled in a course entitled International Relations (IR). Within IR, three major theories are studied to explain international politics and relationships. They are realism and neorealism theory of power; liberalism and neoliberalism theory of reciprocity and identity principles. (Dr.P,Handout) The third major theory of study is that of Marxist/ socialists and radical approaches to international relations. (Dr.P,Handout) Among

Canada's Ongoing Identity Crisis: What Are We Now?

1830 words - 8 pages North America, with anti-American thoughts becoming somewhat of a norm (Careless, 2012). Add on to this that the United States had recently canceled the first attempt Canadian-American Reciprocity Treaty, a trade agreement to allow Canada to export goods tariff-free to the United States and seen as more of a benefit to Canada at the time than to the United States (Masters, 2005). Further, having stood witness to the gruesome and hard-fought civil

Citizenship and the European Union

5550 words - 22 pages individuals. But, it maybe worth noting that the preambles to its directives on social policy oftenecho, if dimly, the classical conception of the 'good society' as a collectivemoral order of justice and conviviality.3. EU CitizenshipJacques Santer described the Treaty of Amsterdam as 'set[ting] out the rulesof the game Governments will have to observe' and 'establish[ing] rights forall the citizens'5. Union citizenship, however, came into being

MacDonald

1181 words - 5 pages against the Laurier Government (194) . The purpose of this uprising was to force the government to negotiate the Reciprocity Treaty of 1911. The treaty was defeated and consequently the Liberal Party was voted out of office and replaced by the Conservatives who vowed to maintain protection (194). By prompting Laurier to carry on the protectionism, the conservatives carried out this aspect of MacDonald's National Policy. Not only did it bring the

North and South American Yanomamo Culture

1259 words - 5 pages objects and promised by their father or brother to a Yanomamo man in return for reciprocity. The reciprocity could be another Yanomamo women or political alliances. The trades are often practiced in the Yanomamo culture. Polygamy is also a part of the Yanomamo culture. Yanomamo women are kept in the male’s possession. The Yanomamo man tries to collect as many wives as he possibly can in order to demonstrate his power and masculinity. As polygamy

Immigraton in the U.S

1212 words - 5 pages 2.7 illegal aliens mostly from Mexico were given legal immigrant status. These new laws opened the door to the longest and largest wave of immigration ever-27 million since 1965, including illegal entries. The visa waiver pilot program (VWPP) is designed to extend reciprocity to the countries that permit US citizens to visit their countries without the need of a tourist visa. To date a total of twenty-nine countries

Similar Essays

Queen Lili'uokalani Essay

3671 words - 15 pages that led up to Queen Lili'uokalani's reign greatly affected the way she would rule. Her older brother, Kalakaua, was very responsible for how things turned out during his reign. One of the major accomplishments of Kalakaua was "the conclusion of a reciprocity treaty with the United States" in 1876. Many sugarcane plantation owners at the time petitioned that unless a treaty was made, economic ruin was eminent. Kalakaua was quick to get the

The Issue Of International Extradition Essay

1397 words - 6 pages question. According to United States law, extradition may only be permitted when accompanied by a treaty However not every country has a treaty with the United States, mostly because a lot of countries don't have very good relations with them. In the absence, they may require reciprocity when requested to extradite a felon. The process is not simple to begin with, when there is no treaty to rely on things get even more tricky. It's not impossible

The Effect Of Diplomacy On The Rise Of The Modern State

1706 words - 7 pages rise of the modern state during 1648-1715. The first change that it brought was through the treaty of Westphalia, which allowed state to operate important transformations in their structure. Westphalia treaty had allowed “Signatories of treaties to be freed perpetually, to make alliances with strangers for their preservation or safety, and each of the contracting parties of this treaty shall be held to defend and maintain all and each of the

Do Human Rights Treaties Call For Special Treatment Under The Law Relating To Reservations Laid Down In The Vienna Convention Of The Law Of Treaties 1969?

2909 words - 12 pages Where reservations to human rights treaties are concerned, two conflicting views exist. One view is that, as consent remains the governing principle of the reservation regime, the discretionary power to determine the permissibility and validity of reservations should be left to the individual states who are party to the treaty. On the other hand, it is argued that because of the special features of human rights treaties, a different kind of