This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Reconstruction After The Civil War Essay

2162 words - 9 pages

Presidential Reconstruction and Congressional Reconstruction have some
differences and some similarities. Reconstruction was a huge thing at this time in
America. Abraham Lincoln was a huge part of reconstruction and when he was
assassinated, Andrew Johnson took over his role of President and of reconstructing the
south.
Abraham Lincoln wanted to fix the intersectional hatred that was caused from the
civil war. On December 8, 1863 Lincoln set a general policy that by taking an oath
southerners could reinstate themselves as US citizens. Abraham Lincoln was working
hard to bring southern states back into the Union. One way he tried was with the Ten
Percent Plan. In this Ten Percent Plan, 10% of people voting in a state had to take a
loyalty oath. If this happened then that state could setup a new state government. Under
this Ten Percent Plan, governments had to realize that they had to Republican and realize
that slaves would be free and provide for black education.
Radical Republicans in Congress disliked the Ten Percent Plan. In July 1864,
they passed the Wade-Davis Bill, which was a bill stating that the majority of the voters
in the south had to take a loyalty oath, not just 10% of the state. Lincoln disagreed and
got rid of this bill with a pocket veto.

In April of 1865 President Lincoln was assassinated. His running mate, Andrew
Johnson took over presidency. Most people thought that he would punish the south, but
soon everyone realized that was not true. He became more focused on punishing the
southern elite and not the whole south. Radical Republicans hated him and they decided
to take matters into their own hands. Even though slavery had been abolished, the
southern states enacted black codes. These codes got around the thirteenth amendment,
and even though the laws were not as strict as slavery, the rights of African Americans
were still next to nothing. Johnson was very much against slavery, however the feud
between he and the republicans lead him to make unreasonable decisions based off his
biased towards the party. In response to blacks getting more and more rights, rebel groups
formed to perform terror attacks on the blacks within their communities. The most
known, even today, was the Ku Klux Klan. The members of this society used scare
tactics to keep blacks from voting, and they succeeded in scaring many off, even after
law enforcement stepped in.
African Americans were able to vote when the Southern states felt pressure to get
the military out of their major districts. Many black voters voted Republican; this led
many southern states to restrict their voting. Congress then set the fifteenth amendment in
place, this laid out the rights that all men had to vote.
This is the reason reconstruction failed African Americans, when Johnson
overruled the Freedmen’s Bureau. This was also apparent when he vetoed the Civil
Rights Act. Even though African Americans had...

Find Another Essay On Reconstruction After the Civil War

Interpretation of Reconstruction After the Civil War

613 words - 3 pages slaves are protected. The Northern Radicals were much harsher towards the South than the Conservatives, especially after hearing Lincoln’s 10% plan. They deemed it mild. However the Radicals eventually got through with the election of President Johnson. (pages 414-417) 2. The first historical interpretation of Reconstruction occurred through William A. Dunning’s harsh view. He portrayed Reconstruction as a fraudulent outrage carried out on the

The Reconstruction of the Union After the Civil War

2175 words - 9 pages The reconstruction of the Union began under President Lincoln before the end of the war, and carried on by President Johnson after the assassination of President Lincoln. After Lincoln’s death, the leadership of the nation bestowed upon Andrew Johnson of Tennessee. According to A. Brinkley (pg. 375), Johnson revealed his plan for reconstruction or “Restoration”, as he preferred to call it, soon after he took office and implemented it during

Reconstruction and the affects of it after the civil war

770 words - 3 pages After the Civil War the United States government was forced to make changes in order to successfully embrace the South and reunite the Union. This interval of change was called the period of Reconstruction. President Lincoln, the incumbent directly after the Civil War, set plans for Reconstruction that were designed in hopes of "saving the union." However, after Lincoln was assassinated, the government lost sight of his goals and it turned into

The opposing views of reconstruction after the Civil War

790 words - 3 pages Reconstruction began to take place as the Civil War was coming to an end. The promise of peace after the war ended was not going to happen for quite some time. Now there was a new issue to be hashed out; how does the nation begin reconstruction and who is responsible for overseeing it? Now the battle was on between the residing presidents of the time and congress and each had different opinions on reconstruction policies.Reconstruction began

The Failure of Reconstruction after the Civil War

706 words - 3 pages equality. When the severely limited enforcement of such laws was removed in 1877, whites recreated the legislatures that were prominent before the Civil War. These local governments then shattered the very idea of racial equality - the resentment that whites held for black equality was so prevalent that Reconstruction, which was already lax, did little to remove or change it. The end of reconstruction makes you wonder - what was it all for?

Essay on Reconstruction After the American Civil War

873 words - 3 pages nation, but it basically reverted to its pre-Civil War status quo at the end of the period; there were no immediate or drastic changes.The government did not have a lot of power at this time and was very inefficient. Lincoln's reconstruction plan was only approved by ten percent of the voters and he rejected Congress's reconstruction suggestion, the Wade-Davis Bill. After Lincoln's assassination, President Johnson's proposal turned out to be fairly

Slow Reconstruction and Semi-Slavery After the Civil War

702 words - 3 pages the north and south. Though there were some postitive things that happened for the African American people. Directly after the war ended, in the south before the new state constitutions were inacted, African American people were allowed to vote and they did. They voted in African American’s as the state legislators and even into the senate where they worked on passing laws for reform and to aid the reconstruction and relocation of African

The Reconstruction of the United States after the Civil War. Radical reconstruction vs. presidential reconstruction. The affects on blacks. Compromise of 1877

983 words - 4 pages Your plantation and house is burnt, fields scourged, money is worthless, lost hopes, and this is how the confederates were reintroduced into the Union after the Civil War. The United States introduces the Reconstruction period as a time of rebuilding the American image as a truly equal country. From Amendments, to Reconstructions, to the South finding its new image, the United States follows these steps to create the both successful and failed

The US Civil War - Reconstruction

1134 words - 5 pages numerous documents, films, and websites. I will discuss some of the problems that our country faced during the reconstruction faze after the civil war.The civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865 between the North and South (Encarta Encyclopedia, 2004). The two main causes of the civil war were Politics and Economics. The political problems that caused the war were the erosion of the two party system and the expansion of the country

Reconstruction in the Post-Civil War Era

667 words - 3 pages After the Civil War, the South lay in ruins. Streets were lined with the lifeless bodies of Confederate soldiers whilst the buildings smoldered right down to their foundations. In an effort to restore the South to its former charm, the U.S. government plunged the country into what is now called the Reconstruction Era. President Lincoln’s approach towards reconstruction, known as the 10% Plan, was rivaled by the collaborative effort of Henry

Racism - After The Civil War

606 words - 2 pages The conclusion of the Civil War in favor of the north was supposed to mean an end to slavery and equal rights for the former slaves. Although laws and amendments were passed to uphold this assumption, the United States Government fell short. The thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments were proposed and passed within five years of the Civil War’s conclusion. These amendments were to create equality throughout the United States

Similar Essays

Reconstruction After The Civil War Essay

1094 words - 4 pages The Civil War ended in 1865 with the defeat of the notorious slave states of the South. For the next ten years, the reconstruction of the southern states took place. Reconstruction could have been a great era of American History, with strong bold presidents that secured everyone's freedom and all, despite of race or color could live in complete harmony. Yet in truth, the Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War proved to be highly

Reconstruction After The Civil War Essay

1046 words - 5 pages After Reading John Hope Franklin’s Reconstruction after the Civil War I have a completely new outlook on reconstruction. Some may say that this book, regardless of its historical contribution on Reconstruction, which it tries to demolish William Dunning’s myth of white supremacy. It is also has a very serious attempt to be fair and objective about a very controversial period when race, politics and ideology played a very different role

Reconstruction After The Civil War Essay

678 words - 3 pages South wanted to deal with the problems left by the Civil War. Two groups known as Carpetbaggers and Scalawags which whom both were in the Republican party tried to rebuild the southern economy and society. The Wade -Davis bill was a proposition by two Radical Republicans, Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis. The bill in contrast to Lincolns more lenient ten percent plan, this plan contained some major Reconstruction demands. The Wade davis bill

Reconstruction In America After The Civil War

1002 words - 5 pages The Meaning of Reconstruction America has gone through many hardships and struggles since coming together as a nation involving war and changes in the political system. Many highly regarded leaders in America have come bestowing their own ideas and foundation to provide a better life for “Americans”, but no other war or political change is more infamous than the civil war and reconstruction. Reconstruction started in 1865 and ended in 1877 and