Reconstruction After The Civil War Essay

678 words - 3 pages

Lincolns plans for restoration began even before the war ended. Lincoln was motivated by the desire to build a strong republican party in the south and to make an end to the anguish caused by the war. On December the 8th 1863 Lincoln issued a proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction for the areas of the southern confederacy who would support the United States constitution and pledge a loyalty oath to the union. Lincolns plan offered a pardon for any state and would be allowed back into the union when ten percent of the people who voted in the 1860 election had pledged a loyalty oath to the union and would have to abide by all laws including the ban of slavery,and even said that high Confederate officials and military leaders were to be temporarily excluded from the process. Few states reacted quickly to this “plan” and even established governments based on these terms. However the Radical Republicans did not agree with Lincolns plan do to the fact that it did not secure the equal rights of freed slaves.
Post-war Radical Republicans were interested in main factors such as, a desire to punish the south for leaving the union and causing the war,the concern that freed black slaves would not have the same equal rights as anybody else, the Radical’s wanted to keep the Republican party in the North and South. The Radicals in the South wanted to deal with the problems left by the Civil War. Two groups known as Carpetbaggers and Scalawags which whom both were in the Republican party tried to rebuild the southern economy and society.
The Wade -Davis bill was a proposition by two Radical Republicans, Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis. The bill in contrast to Lincolns more lenient ten percent plan, this plan contained some major Reconstruction demands. The Wade davis bill stated that all States that still need to be readmitted into the union after the war would have a governor appointed by the President,fifty percent or more of the...

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