Reconstruction Of 1862 1914 Essay

1386 words - 6 pages

The purpose of this essay is to discuss and analyze the main historical trends in the US history from 1870 to 1914. It will show how Reconstruction was a period of 1862-1870 in United States history during and after the American Civil War in which attempts were made to solve the political, social, and economic problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 confederate states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war. After the reconstruction it began and era of a modern nation state. After the Civil War, the Republicans had led congress and have discouraged the industrial and commercial development and also the western expansion. But in 1865 the northern victory have ...view middle of the document...

The Fourteenth Amendment, defining national citizenship so as to include blacks, passed Congress in June 1866 and was ratified, despite rejection by most Southern states (July 28, 1868). In response to Johnson's intemperate outbursts against the opposition as well as to several reactionary developments in the South (e.g., race riots and passage of the repugnant black codes severely restricting rights of blacks), the North gave a smashing victory to the Radical Republicans in the 1866 congressional election. Tindall and Shi (721-26).That victory launched the era of congressional Reconstruction (usually called Radical Reconstruction), which lasted 10 years starting with the Reconstruction Acts of 1867. Under that legislation, the 10 remaining Southern states (Tennessee had been readmitted to the Union in 1866) were divided into five military districts; and, under supervision of the U.S. Army, all were readmitted between 1868 and 1870. Each state had to accept the Fourteenth or, if readmitted after its passage, the Fifteenth Constitutional Amendment, intended to ensure civil rights of the freedmen. The newly created state governments were generally Republican in character and were governed by political coalitions of blacks, carpetbaggers (Northerners who had gone into the South), and scalawags (Southerners who collaborated with the blacks and carpetbaggers). Most Southern whites saw the Republican governments of the former Confederate states as artificial creations imposed from without, and the conservative element in the region remained hostile to them. Southerners particularly resented the activities. Tindall and Shi (727-30).However these end with the northern victory in 1865, which was to restore the Union and also to accelerate the American transformation into a modern nation-state. The industrial revolution was not only and urban experience this also transformed rural life as well. Those who got in the way of the importance of industrialization of commercial agriculture and ranching were badly pushed aside. These also cause the clash between Indians and America people. The development of the United States began with the abandonment of the Jeffersonian dream and then began to build upon the industrial and international markets. After 1865, many Americans turned their attention to settle a continent of urban- industrial revolution. Tindall and Shi (760)In 1865, the frontier line followed as far west as the borders of states along the Mississippi River, and even further to include the eastern sections of Kansas and Nebraska. Beyond this point is where the prairie and sagebrush lands reached to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. The Rocky Mountains at the time were pretty much inhabitable. With so many peaks and gullies, travels through the monstrous mountain range were very demanding on the ones who tried. Those who did stumbled onto one of the most profitable areas in North America. Gold and Silver fills the mountain range for approx. 1600...

Find Another Essay On Reconstruction Of 1862-1914

Causes and Ramifications of World War I

1162 words - 5 pages European affairs. Finally, we will identify and conclude immediate and long term effects of the war from the U.S in terms of material, civilian life, strategy, finance, and so forth. Just as pre-revolutionary governments hint at subtleties before creating a climax within itself, wars start from their own. After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the July Crisis of 1914 followed suit. This was the diplomatic

Significant causes of the U.S Civil War, Compromise of 1877, key terms and people

1027 words - 4 pages , Jackson flanked the Union army to set up the Confederate victory at the second battle of Bull Run. At Chancellorsville Jackson again flanked the Union army but was mortally wounded by his own troops.oGrant: In 1862 he captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in Tennessee, barely escaped defeat at the Battle of Shiloh and ended Confederate control of the Mississippi in Vicksburg. Commanding in the West, he thoroughly defeated Bragg at Chattanooga. He

Abraham Lincoln’s use of Veto power

1373 words - 5 pages by seeking to reunite the country by a policy of generous reconciliation (Donald 2001 p.137). He signed the Homestead Act in 1862, where millions of acres of government held land in the West available for purchase at very low cost (p138). The Morrill Land Grant Colleges Act, also signed in 1862, provided the government of the day grants for agricultural colleges in each particular state (Donald 1996 p. 36). The Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 and

"Morril Act" by Justin Morril that concerned the young people who wanted to educate and get higher education in engineering, agriculture and military service

621 words - 2 pages wealthy people. It was an absurd thing some individual to participate in Government. Despite the advantages of the industrialization there were anti-industrial reformers. Nevertheless, America had not as powerful movement as Luddites in Britain who destroyed labor-saving machinery that they thought would cause unemployment. In the distant 1862 Congress passed two Acts. One of them is the Homestead Act allowable any citizen to be given a 160 acres of

Was Reconstruction a Success or a Failure

1609 words - 7 pages In 1865, prior to Abraham Lincoln's assassination, Reconstruction commenced after the Confederacy's surrender at Appomattox. Post-Civil War, the South's economic, social, and political status lied in ruins. New constitutions had to be established and the country recreated to maintain peace, unity, and order in the United States. Reconstruction both succeeded and failed. Some contemporaries of the time period considered the

Reconstruction and the Post-War South

1904 words - 8 pages . In addition to rebuilding the Southern economy and its infrastructure, the federal government had to address the situation of newly freed blacks. Though Southern blacks had gained their freedom in the Emancipation Proclamation of 1862, they still faced great economic and social hardship as they struggled to make a living and find their niche in Southern society. While the Radical Republicans pushed for the full equality of blacks, they faced

Andrew Johnson Biography

1131 words - 5 pages The Life of Andrew JohnsonAndrew Johnson served as the 17th President of the United States from April 15, 1865 to March 3, 1869. He is most known for being the first president to be impeached, but also as the creator of the Reconstruction program after the end of the Civil War.Early LifeSon of Jacob and Mary McDonough Johnson, Andrew was born in Raleigh, North Carolina on December 29, 1808. Jacob Johnson worked as a handyman in a tavern while

The American Civil War Causes and Consequences

1710 words - 7 pages that struggled against slavery, the battles waged to end slavery, and the reconstruction of our government to protect the rights of the Americans further show how our nation adapts to protect its’ people. From the introduction of slavery in the new world, it was a complex issue. Starting as a moral conflict people began to see the downfalls and cruelty of keeping people in captivity. The effort to end slavery valued individual liberties, and

Ulysses S Grant

1563 words - 6 pages Benjamin Bristow, who made serious allegations concerning the president's private secretary, Orville Babcock, without sufficient evidence. The weakness of the reformers' charges, however, is in itself an insufficient explanation of the political environment of the Grant presidency. The crucial issue that remains to be explored--Reconstruction-- sheds light on the entire political situation. There was more to the reformers than civil service reform

Bretton Woods System

971 words - 4 pages International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [World Bank] and The International Monetary Fund (Stwenron, 1944). The conference set the standard of gold to $35.00 and selected the American dollar as the backbone of international exchange. The goal of the conference was to create a system through these financial institutes for economic co-operation and development leading to stable and robust global economy (International Monetary Fund, 2013

The American Civil War

1139 words - 5 pages Battle of Bull Run which resulted in approximately 48,000 soldiers killed, wounded or declared missing and a Confederate victory. The battle of Antietam, which took place on Sept. 17th, 1862, “was the Bloodiest One Days battle in American History.” (WK_16 Civil War & Reconstruction PowerPoint slide 3) where more than 23,000 soldiers died or were missing after 12 hours battle. This battle war technically a draw, but was considered a victory by the

Similar Essays

The Reconstruction Era Essay

1484 words - 6 pages -The Reconstruction Era- By: David LinThe Reconstruction Era took place between 1860 and 1877, the main idea of this period is about United States abolishing slavery, getting rid of Confederacy and reconstructing both nation and the Constitution. While Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States, presidential reconstruction had begun in each state after federal troops took control of most of the states. During the Reconstruction Era

Negro Issues, Circa The American Civil War

533 words - 2 pages Before the end of war, the radicals began calling for a war aim: civil equality for the freedmen. The first step toward equality was the enlistment of black men into the union army. Undertaken tentatively as an experiment in 1862, the employment of Negro soldiers proved a success and was prosecuted on a full scale in the last two years of the war. Black men demonstrated impressive fighting qualities. Thirty-eight black regiments fought in the

American Reevolution Essay

988 words - 4 pages A revolution is defined as a forcible throw over of the regime. The Civil War and Reconstruction have components that fit this description, but as a whole they do not. The more minute events that took place during these more sizably voluminous events are consequential, but they do not fit the description of a Revolution. The Civil War and Reconstruction have elements of a second American Revolution, but they would not be considered a Second

James A. Garfield Essay

804 words - 3 pages Shiloh in April 1862,served as a chief of staff in the Army of the Cumberland, saw action atChickamauga in September of 1863. When the Union victories had been few in 1862, he successfully led abrigade at Middle Creek, Kentucky, against Confederate troops. And in1862, at the age of 31, he became brigader general, only to be made a majorgeneral in 1863. Meanwhile, in 1862, he was elected by fellow Ohioans to The UnitedStates House of