This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Reduction Of Diarrheal Diseases In Under Five Children In Lagos, Nigeria

1233 words - 5 pages

Promotion of hygiene through hand washing
Based on the evidence that only 26% of the population in Nigeria wash hands after defecation, 46% wash hands before eating and 3.6% wash hands after cleaning a child’s bottom (Lagos 2013). A five year strategic plan will be rolled out in one of Lagos slums to reduce diarrhoea in children aged of 2- 5, a pilot project will be conducted in Makoko. Since 95% of the population has no piped water and in our short implementation plan as much as we provide clean water through chlorination of shallow wells and boreholes, will distribute alcohol based hand wraps in all local daycares, preschools and pharmacies. The roll out in schools will be in form of ...view middle of the document...

Studies have shown that, relative risk of children dying from diarrhea increases two-fold in children with vitamin A deficiency (Lweendo, 2010).

Similar studies have shown that in the context where under-five mortality rates are high, giving semi-annual vitamin A supplements to under-five years decreases overall rate (Lweendo, 2010).

Engagement of Local government in establishing the sanitary and hygiene infrastructure
Since it is estimated that 48.4% of population in Lagos have no access to improved sanitation, the Lagos State Government has been coordinating its efforts to ensure proper sanitary and hygiene in public places. This project will mobilize resources to in order to build toilets in public places. The toilets will be handed over to four big market places namely Ajara Retail Market, Ajara Badagry, Agbalata and Six Solar Powered Communal toilets. This efforts mainly intends to prevent the outbreak of water and air borne diseases due to open defecation that affects the entire population especially children under-five of years.

Studies have shown that, despite of fewer sanitary and hygiene infrastructures in public places in Lagos, there still a notable efforts of sanitary inspections conducted. For example, in the year 2013, more than 70% of planned inspections were reported to have undertaken in the city.

Involvement of none state actors such as non-governmental organizations
The efforts to fight against diarrheal diseases in Nigeria will be implemented in collaboration between the state and non state actors. It is evident for example that, funding for water, sanitation and hygiene in the city of Lagos is low ( Lweendo, 2010). As it is earlier pointed out, majority of the population in the city of Lagos lives in slums were water shortages are most common. Since there are a number of none state actors who are working in the city of Lagos to ensure the marginalized communities are accessing safe water in order to curb the outbreak and spread of diarrheal diseases.
This project will mobilize the coordinated efforts to reduce the causes of diarrheal diseases. A good example can be drawn from the work that has been done by Water Aid in Nigeria. This non-governmental organization collaborates with federal, states and local government as well as other partners to ensure clean water is delivered to some of the poorest communities in Nigeria, including the city of Lagos. Since Nigeria, is characterized with rapid population growth, political instability, poor governance and scandals around corruptions, have witnessed the years of inadequate water. Therefore, inter-sectoral coordination supported with participatory governance will be the major focus of the implementation strategy. This will help to lobby and push for budget allocation, enactment, formulation and implementation of related policies, procedures and legislation to deal with the problem in...

Find Another Essay On Reduction of diarrheal diseases in under-five children in Lagos, Nigeria

Economics and Business Climate Overview of Lagos, Nigeria

1583 words - 7 pages Economics and Business Climate Overview of Lagos, Nigeria. 1.0 Background Information 1.1 Geopolitical Profile The smallest in area of Nigeria's states (total land area of three thousand, five hundred and seventy seven square meters), Lagos State is the most populous state (with over eighteen million people according to 2006 population census) and unarguably the most economically important state of the country and the nation's most urbanized

Case of Shell in Nigeria Essay

2103 words - 8 pages sustaining the environment.The overall objective of the programme is to support Nigeria in the achievement of self-sufficiency in food production, sustainable food security and reduction of poverty. The programme helps in achieving this by providing support to improve agricultural production and productivity, rural employment and incomes of small-holder farmers, fishermen and women, as well as male and female artisans. The programme assists to

Roles of Inflammation in Diseases

1248 words - 5 pages . In order to make the inflammatory response effective, leukocytes, other mediators such as Leukotriene and Kinins. Ones chemokine brings leukocytes to the inflammation site, plasma proteins capable of destroying pathogenic agents are initiated, the injury begins to heal, and then acute inflammation ceases. Under normal conditions, the inflammatory response is deactivated by anti-inflammatory mechanisms to avoid prolonged inflammation, otherwise

Legal Issues in Reduction of Workforce Simulation

1555 words - 6 pages layoff events which resulted in the separation of 139,269 workers from their jobs for at least 31 days, according to the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics" (Mass, 2007, para1). No matter what term is used, companies have to be vigilant in following certain guidelines to protect themselves from litigation.The simulation "Legal Issues in Reduction of Workforce" requires one to select three out of five employees for termination to

Legal Issues in Reduction of Workforce Paper

1630 words - 7 pages were revised in order to make a decision that provides the best outcome for the company. These areas include job performance, productivity, expected special responsibility to work, academic training, absenteeism and so on.The length of service, an employee at the organization, should play an important role in decision-making for a reduction in the workforce. However, this term should be considered together with the skill level of the employee. An

Children of Fury Under

1266 words - 6 pages 18. Beli "Lord-Lieutenant? But he is part of this country. The Earl of Ormonde is a royalist." Conn said. "Aye, James Butler is, but Parliament stripped him of his title and it was given to a Londoner English by the name of Waters. A hateful man, cruel and an adept student of Cromwell's religion." Donal voice was quiet, as if remembering a painful moment in his life. "I hope that we can restore James to his title someday. It is his rightful

Associations Between Media Viewing and Language Development in Children Under Age Two Years of Age

1233 words - 5 pages Development in Children Under Age 2 Years (Zimmerman et al., 2007) Nearly every theory of language development recognizes that there is a critical period for learning language. During this critical period a child must receive environmental input for normal development. Parents and caregivers are an extremely important piece of this environmental input and the best way for caregivers to teach their children language is to simply talk to them—a

The Issues of Breast Cancer in Nigeria

1616 words - 6 pages breast cancer as she recommends all women do the same. The issue of breast cancer is fast becoming a major one. There is a huge hole to be filled in the area of breast cancer awareness in Nigeria. An article posted in the ‘The Daily Trust’ titled, “Breast Cancer amongst us” claims “Nigeria is one of the many places in the world where breast cancer and other life-threatening diseases are discussed in whispers, if at all discussed” (Ade, 1

The Evolution of Women in Nigeria

1516 words - 7 pages lineage or marrying into ruling class families. Under customary laws, a woman’s purpose was to be fertile and able to bear children. Tribes expected their women to marry into Igbo, Yoruba, and Hausa Fulani patrilineage and bear sons to guarantee the future of the tribe. A wife’s position improved as she gave birth to more children and gained approval from elder members. Women who could not were scorned just as Mama was in Purple Hibiscus. In the novel

Reduction in Force

1510 words - 6 pages Today, many health care organizations have been forced to reduce their workforce due to the downturn of the economy. Marshall and Broas (2009) state that whenever health care organizations conduct a reduction in force (RIF); there is the potential for legal risk. However, with proper planning and implementing, employers can minimize the risk of litigation (Marshall & Broas, 2009; Segal, 2001). Hence, before carrying out a 10% reduction in

Music in Stress Reduction

1391 words - 6 pages current status in stress reduction is really very interesting due to finals. I have never felt so stressful in my life. I am mostly feeling anger and edginess at the time and at this vary moment, listening to music from the soundtrack Romeo and Juliet. Success of this project did not only include learning to control my stress levels, but I have found the topic interesting and am taking this into consideration for the future if I do become a

Similar Essays

Reduction Of Diarrheal Diseases In Under Five Children In Lagos, Nigeria

1189 words - 5 pages 75/1000 live births (DHS, 2010). Diarrhea accounts for 19% of all childhood mortality in Nigeria. This essay intends to discuss the reduction of diarrheal diseases in under-five children in Lagos, Nigeria. The essay will dwell to assess the epidemiological issues, including locally initiated data search, ƒthe chosen interventions and the implementation strategies to avert under-five children mortality caused by diarrheal diseases. Assessing

What Are The Effects Of Poverty On Children In Lagos, Nigeria?

1317 words - 6 pages RESEARCH PROPOSAL PARTICIPANTS Primary school teachers and social workers working with the affected children are my participants. RESEARCH QUESTION What are the effects of poverty on children in Lagos Nigeria? LITERATURE REVIEW In Nigeria about 63% of the citizens live in abject poverty. Many of them lack basic amenities like clean water and sanitation. About 63% of the population live under $1 on a daily basis. Despite the fact that the

Effect Of Schistosomiasis On Children In Nigeria

671 words - 3 pages problems. One of the diseases caused by the dirty water is schistosomiasis that is endemic in many African countries. In Nigeria more than half of children between ages one to six are infected by schistosomiasis due to the contaminated fresh water and this disease that is affecting millions of people can be cured just by the provision of the clean water. People get infected when they have a contact with water which is inhabited by specific

The Push And Pull Of Lagos, Nigeria

624 words - 2 pages Lagos- is city, which is located in the coast of West Africa. Lagos is the most populous city in Nigeria. In this essay I am going to critically examines push and pull factors in Lagos. Main Body: Economy Lagos is Nigeria’s industrial, commercial and financial center, so Lagos in comparison with other cities in Nigeria has higher income. And in Lagos there is large stock of oil. Oil production, which began in the 1950's, increased