Victimization is an outcome of crime. Victims of crime confront issues of social, economic, political and psychological strain. This paper is an examination of victims and these identified strains greater extent. Through a thorough analysis one will be informed in regards to the rates of victimization and whom is victimized, the rights of victims, the patterns of reporting crimes to police and various services available to victims of crime and justice to both victims and offenders and efforts to prevent recidivism.
According to Linden (2012), the rates of victimization have increased from 1999-2009. In this time period there has been increases in sexual assault, physical assault and robbery, in addition to slight increases in specific property crimes such as theft and vandalism (Linden, 2012). According to a Statistics Canada Survey (2004) approximately 40% of people had been victimized within the last 12 months and some had been victimized more than once (Linden, 2012). Ultimately, criminal activities have been increasing over the years.
Moreover, victimization appears to be concentrated to certain families, areas and individuals. Specifically, 12-25 years old males that travel out of their residence and are unmarried, seem to be the most victimized in par with Aboriginal Canadians (Linden, 2012). Therefore, the increased likelihood of victimization is gender, age and race discriminant.
Many assumptions can be drawn as to why the aforementioned identified crimes are reported and why these individuals are victimized. First, dependent on the type of crime, individuals are more likely to request police assistance and services. For example, a young lady that was a victim of rape may be hesitant to report her case to the police for various reasons such as; they were under the influence when the event occurred or they refuse to relive the traumatizing event, so they repress the memory and do not report it to anyone. Hence, females may be just as dominantly victimized as men but are less likely to report it.
Second, individuals may be more likely to report specific crimes for insurance purposes. For example, grand theft auto is a crime that is almost always reported for insurance reasons. Individuals need to notify police of stolen property for insurance companies to reimburse or ensure them on future accounts. Thus, crimes are more likely to be reported if the victim requires specific compensation.
Furthermore, victimization presented through a critical lens can explain why some individuals of specific age, race and residence are more likely to be victimized against their counterparts. First, gang membership is a major risk factor of victimization. Majority of gang memberships are composed of young males (Linden, 2012) and of those males, they tend to be unmarried and lack social ties to society and therefore participate in delinquent acts. Male participation in specific gang relative activities may cause members of the opposing gang to...