“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or the press, or the right of peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for the redress of grievances” (United States Constitution).
In 1789 the anti-federalist main concern was that the Constitution’s lack of adequate guarantees for civil liberties. To provide such guarantees, the First Amendment along with the other nine Amendments known as the Bill of Rights were submitted to the states for ratification on September 25, 1789 and adopted on December 15, 1791. This was a guarantee of the essential rights and liberties that were omitted in the original documents.
A series of cases will be presented in this paper to provide a clear idea of the First Amendment. Cases that have cause an impact in society and have changed or modify a law.
The five right listed under the First Amendment are: Freedom of religion; “Congress shall not make no law respecting an establishment of religion”. Citizens are allowed to practice any religion they want.
Freedom of Speech; it allows the free exchange of ideas necessary for effective decision –making and protects the minority from complete domination by the majority.
Freedom of Press; this right is design to discourage the government from operating in secrecy and from controlling the information citizens receive.
Freedom of Assembly; Unites states citizens have the right to peacefully assemble to either make a point or protest against something that don’t agree with it.
Freedom of Petition; citizens have the right to petition to the government. For example if a neighborhood wants more schools or playgrounds. Civil suits, written documents to which names are signed, lobbying government officials are a form of petition.
The First Amendment is understood as the right to civil liberties I believe that the First Amendment is one of the most important Amendment because it provides an individual the right to religion, speech, press, assembly and petition to all the citizens of the United States of America.
Freedom of Religion
The right of freedom of religion provides the citizens of this country to exercise any religion. As mention before in this paper “Congress shall not make no law respecting an establishment of religion”. This means that the government can’t preference one religion over another, non-religion over religion, or religion over non-religion (First Amendment to the United States Constitution, 2010). According Isidore Starr this clause is the basis for our doctrine of separation of church and state. “Congress shall make no law...prohibiting the free exercise” (Religious liberty in public life, 2010). Many controversies have arose between eduction and freedom of religion. A recent court case that took places in 2000, Santa Fe Ind. School District v. Doe (docket #: 99-62) (2000). Santa Fe’s practice was not a matter of private student...