In Chapter One, it introduces us to research methods in the Criminal Justice field by explaining to us how we create such data, examine data and present data. It teaches us that we learn from things we have direct experience also from certain things we are taught from others that we are supposed to believe because it makes the most sense to us. These two ideas are called experiential realities and agreement reality. In experiential reality the example to understand it would be touching a stove. If the stove is hot and you see fire, it is dangerous and should not be played with but if it is cold and there is no fire visible then it is safe to be around. In agreement reality, we are told certain information and we are supposed to believe it. For example, we are told that the sun sets in the west and we have nine planets but it is hard to argue that both of those examples are accurate because everyone agrees.
In this chapter it also gets into an experiment called the Kansas City Preventive Patrol. What this experiment was supposed to do is try out a new method of patrolling in order to bring down the crime rates in Kansas City, Missouri. The conclusion of this experiment was a negative outcome because no matter how much more they spruced up their patrol units, the crime had little to no change based on the increase of marked cars and other patrollers.
As professionals in the criminal justice field, one must be very fond of the knowledge they experienced in their lives. We are taught to be empirical learners meaning that we learn based on observing and experiencing things in our lives. Also, we likely to use secondhand knowledge to make judgments on decisions to make.
In the end of this chapter it explains our many purposes for research in the criminal justice field. The three main purpose of research is to explore the nature of the problem, describe the situation of the problem, and to explain the reason why certain things happen. Once all of these steps are completed in solving a problem, one must apply what the information that they have experienced to any future problems one may run into.
In Chapter Two, the term theories play a key role on why certain things happen. It explains not only the definition of theory it self but how to piece together theories and empirical knowledge to understand and analyze such research data. Theory is defined as a systematic explanation for the observed facts & laws that relate to a particular aspect of life or in other words propositions explaining why events occur in the manner that they do. In development of a theory it contains three parts to it; concepts, variables and statements.
Theories are a key element to a traditional model in an experiment. What it also requires is operationalization and observations. A theory this chapter talks about primarily is called the social disorganization theory from C. Shaw and McKay. They proved with their theory that young kids from the ages of 10-16 that lives in the...