Reflection Upon A Critical Incident Essay

2647 words - 11 pages

This paper will reflect upon and explore a critical incident which occurred whilst attending a clinical placement.

Reflective practice has become very popular over the last few decades throughout a variety of professions. In some professions it has become one of the defining features of competence. The wide spread utilization of reflective practice is due to the fact that it ‘rings true’ (Loughran, 2000).

Within different disciplines, what is understood by reflective practice varies considerably (Fook et al, 2006). Despite this, some agreement has been achieved. In general, reflective practice is understood as the process of learning through and from experience towards gaining new insights of self and/or practice (Boud et al 1985; Boyd and Fales, 1983; Mezirow, 1981, Jarvis, 1992). This often involves examining assumptions of everyday practice. It also tends to involve the individual practitioner in being self-aware and critically evaluating their own responses to practice situations. The point is to recapture practice experiences and think about them critically in order to gain new understandings. This is understood as part of the process of life-long learning.

Critical Incident Definition
Critical Incidents are regarded as valuable learning tools for nurses. (Bailey 1995). Nurses are responsible for providing quality of care to patients (NMC 2015). In order to provide this care there is a need to have the ability to critically think, problem solve, make judgement and contribute to planning. Through the use of Critical thinking these skills can be developed, which can allows the nurse to analysis the situation through evidence , logical thinking and the actions that lead to the incident and will result in a change of practise in the future wit the hope to improve patient care.(Bulman 2008)

The reflective model of my choice, for this assignment is Gibbs (1988) reflective cycle. The model encourages the person to think systematically about and experience or activity and allows the opportunity to recognise areas that can be improved upon or developed. The model takes the form of a cycle, which uses a six step approach covering a description, feelings, analysis, evaluation, conclusion and finally action plan. My choice of model, over Johns (2000) model for example, was due to its clear structured cycle which allows the opportunity to renter a stage in order to try and improve upon a situation. Where as Johns (2000) model, does not allow this opportunity although it is a useful model as a guide for analysis of a critical incident. Although, I will have to develop the model to ensure that I critically analyse in order for it be of a higher standard at this stage of the training.

The topic of reflection is a potential drug error made whilst on my clinical practise placement. The area of drug administration is an important role for nurses and therefore I will incorporate research evidence, policies and guidelines surrounding drug...

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