Reflections On Appropriate Feedback And Error Correction In Ell

1455 words - 6 pages

Introduction
Error correction is a delicate balance, and not for the faint-of-heart. Error correction of ELL students is a useful tool in the hands of a skillful educator. It can point a learner toward discovering correct answers, motivate and push them to work a little harder, and engage a receptive student with useful and informative feedback. Error correction, however, is NOT a punishment. Nor is it an opportunity to denigrate or shame a learner – consciously or unconsciously. Most of us want to be corrected constructively, thoughfully, and respectfully. ELL students deserve no less.
In this essay I will discuss error correction in the context of ELL instruction. Specifically I will describe the Error Correction Hypothesis, strategies for error correction and corrective feedback that instructors can use with ELL students, how and when to provide appropriate feedback regarding errors, and the possible effects of error correction on the student’s affective filter.

The Error Correction Hypothesis
The question of whether receiving error corrective feedback can actually hurt an ELL student’s ability to learn is the focus of the Error Correction Hypothesis. Stephen Krashen, in his Affective Filter Hypothesis, puts forth the idea that learners have an Affective Filter which is triggered by emotional variables such as anxiety or stress. Once activated, this filter can operate as an unintended barrier, hindering one’s ability to receive input, and therefore learning. As a result, Krashen advocates for limited error correction in second language instruction, and primarily as a clarification in meaning.
On the other hand, Vigil and Oller believe that error correction is necessary for ELL students. In their Communication Feedback model, (Vigil and Oller, 1976) they describe three levels of corrective feedback, similar to a traffic signal. This “traffic signal” indicates to the student that they are understood and keep going (green), or they must retry and make adjustments (yellow) or stop (red). The danger here is that overcorrection may cause the student to shut down and quit trying – thereby sabotaging the process of making of new language. In light of this possibility, some are inclined to lean toward the Krashen model of little-to-no error correction. The risk there is the occurrence of Fossilization; where an instructor in essence gives learners a perpetual “green light” and an ELL learner’s ongoing errors are not corrected. By becoming used to the errors they continually make, they no longer have the ability to hear or apply the correction. Therefore, it can be concluded that some level of error correction, whether explicit or implicit, is indeed necessary for ELLs. In the following pages I will discuss various methods of error correction and strategies for educators to determine when and where to apply it, in order to keep their students moving along the road to language acquisition. .

Three Strategies for Error Correction and...

Find Another Essay On Reflections on Appropriate Feedback and Error Correction in ELL

Comparison in ELL Teaching Methods in Canada and China: Identifying Effective Teaching Approaches in ESL Instructions for Chinese Speaking ELL Student

1599 words - 7 pages speaking ELL students will be selected randomly from a level-three ESL program class at one university in Ontario. The 20 students will be required to have an English pre-test at the beginning of the course and the post-test at the end of the semester. The English test format is based on IELTS, which includes four sections: listening (30 minutes), reading (60 minutes), writing (task one and task two, 60 minutes), and speaking (15 minutes) (IELTS

Reflections on Cooperative Discipline in the Classroom

1978 words - 8 pages I recently took a course on cooperative discipline and found that many of my own beliefs and practices involving discipline in the classroom were validated and reinforced throughout the class. Students do choose how they will behave and the best way (maybe even the easiest way) to get them to make the right choices in the classroom is to foster a feeling of mutual respect and to give them a sense of responsibility or classroom ownership. Kids

Reflections on My Involvement in USA

595 words - 3 pages on labels and safety data sheets. Once implemented, the revised standard will improve the quality and consistency of hazard information in the workplace, making it safer for workers”. We created a PowerPoint presentation displaying the new pictograms and requirements that must be met to be in compliance with the system. We inventoried all of the chemicals in the Biotechnology and Carpentry areas and included them in the scrapbook. Our third

Reflections on Society in Literary Works

1084 words - 5 pages actually portraying society as the stabilizing element of our morality, and the structure of our humanization. Without society, for characters like Maria, Jack, Roger and Ralph, the essence of humanity is lost and the line between man and beast blurred. In the beginning of both stories there is still a great presence of society. In Lord of the Flies, directly after the plane crash the boys set up a mini society on the island. The vote for a leader

Reflections on Leaders In a Connectional Church

2428 words - 10 pages groups of individuals to work together for the "Corporate Good" (evolving in an ever more individualistic perspective from "Public Good" and "Mixed Good"), and also allowing individuals to see more of the benefit from their work. This is an important distinction because today, "corporate good" too often means "good for the management/stockholders on a short-term basis", disenfranchising both the "customers" and "employees". These concerns were

Reflections on Society in Literary Works

1384 words - 6 pages actually portraying society as the stabilizing element of our morality, and the structure of our humanization. Without society, for characters like Maria, Jack, Roger and Ralph, the essence of humanity is lost and the line between man and beast blurred. In the beginning of both stories there is still a great presence of society. In Lord of the Flies, directly after the plane crash the boys set up a mini society on the island. The vote for a leader

Reflections and Interpretations on "Digging"

1015 words - 4 pages Reflections and Interpretations on "Digging" When you read poetry there are a lot of elements in the poem that you as the reader or listener have to pay close attention to in order for you to follow what is going on and what the main point of the poem may be. In the poem "Digging" by Seamus Heaney you have to look deep into the poem in order to get the true meaning. Some of the elements of the poem that you'll need to pay

Gentlemanly Ideals in Emma and Reflections on the Revolution in France

2171 words - 9 pages Gentlemanly Ideals in Emma and Reflections on the Revolution in France The last two centuries have been full of drastic changes in the human condition. Today, we tend to overlook just how drastic those changes were. Britain during the late 18th Century provides an excellent example because both the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution were chipping away at the established social order. In Britain, the aristocracy had ruled in

Reflections on Body, Love, Marriage and Sexuality in Ancient Greece and Islam

1010 words - 5 pages Creation. Athenian democracy was shaped by the careful cultivation of citizens focused on development of mental prowess and physique, to better govern and protect their country. To improve and safeguard the Athenian city-state, citizens were encouraged to discuss philosophy, art, science, sex and politics with equal interest in an effort to reach truth and a higher ideal, and likewise conditioned their bodies to approximate idealized proportions

Effect of feedback on performance and self-concept

909 words - 4 pages . Positive or negative feedback not only enhances/deteriorates performance but also has a huge effect on one’s self-concept. Self-concept is a collection of one’s beliefs about oneself; mental image, self-worth and self-competence. Leaders need to be careful while giving negative feedback, when providing their specific suggestions; they must also talk about positives too. This helps put the person in a comfortable position. If this is not done

How death is portrayed in the media that it affects on children and my feedback of it

2852 words - 11 pages is viewed as something exciting and suspenseful. Another reason that I focus on this, as I grow up, I had part time job in after-school service. That was my first time to interact children with age between 6 to 11. They have lots of questions about in this world and they have thousands of images of the world. Usually young children tend to believe everything and imitate that as they seen before on television or video games, even though that

Similar Essays

Errors And Error Correction In Teaching Foreign Language

771 words - 3 pages individual sound is mispronounced or when the word stress is wrong. Of course it can also be used to correct other spoken errors."h ReformulationFor example:Student: I went in ScotlandTeacher: Oh really, you went to Scotland, did you?Teacher can also note down errors that students made during their communication activity. These notes can be handed to students to suggest them what to work on. Another technique is recording students' utterances on tape, which is played afterwards and students can correct themselves. http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/think/methodology/error_correct2.shtml

Detention Facilities And Correction Programs In Sacramento

918 words - 4 pages program is a joint effort between the DJJ and the Sacramento County Probation Department, which also serves eight other northern counties. The program is accountability based and requires each potential participants to complete 24 hours of community service in exchange for free tattoo removal. Participants must also demonstrate involvement in on the following areas: employment, vocational training, or school. Another interesting correction program

Reflections Of Milton In Paradise Lost And On Having Arrived

958 words - 4 pages ," Milton speaks indirectly and directly of his loss of vision.Also in Paradise Lost, he uses the political situation of his time as abase for the plot, and he incorporates elements of his own character intothe character of Satan. In "On Having Arrived at the Age of Twenty-Three",he speaks plainly about the course of his life.In the latter part of his life, Milton lost his vision. This loss wasvery traumatic for him because he had not yet completed

Positive Feedback And Motivation: Extrinsic Rewards Effect On Intrinsic Motivation In Sports

1070 words - 4 pages , and, in turn, intrinsic motivation (Vallerand & Losier, 1999). Previous research that has involved coaching feedback and its effect on an athlete’s intrinsic motivation has involved collegiate athletes. By using collegiate athletes it makes it difficult for experimenter to control for confounding variable such as financial assistance. If an athlete is on scholarship, this extrinsic reward may have an impact on type of motivation the student