As the world is growing in industrialization, more and more trees are being removed in a process called deforestation. This produces problems in climate because the deforestation contributes carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Deforestation contributes carbon emissions of 12-18 percent of the world’s total emissions.1 In attempt to reverse these emissions caused by deforestation, the idea of reforestation, or planting more trees and restocking forests, has been proposed as a solution for the climate problem because of the role trees play in sequestration of Carbon, which is the process of storing carbon so it is not emitted into the atmosphere.2
How Reforestation Works
Reforestation can be a natural process or man regulated process. Human regulated reforestation is being promoted as a solution to the world’s current climate problem. Plantations can be developed by communities, industries and individuals. People prepare land to best fit growth needs of the trees by clearing debris, then plant and care for the trees as they grow.4 Some are skeptical of plantations being as effective as natural forests but many experimental studies have been synthesized with the resulting findings being that carbon stock is reduced substantially in plantations when compared with natural forests, as long as proper forest management practices are implemented.3 Reforestation can be done in replacement of forests that are destroyed by fire and other accidents as well as a replacement for purposely removed trees. Abandoned land mines are also areas that are used for the process of reforestation.2 Trees absorb carbon dioxide through the process of photosynthesis which is why reforestation is appealing as forests store climate damaging carbon dioxide. Reforestation also restores wildlife habitats, provides recreational benefits, and provides quality air and water.2,5
Reforestation and Climate Change
Reforestation addresses the issue of climate change by serving as storage for carbon to prevent it from being released into the atmosphere. Trees experience photosynthesis, where they absorb the carbon from the atmosphere and release oxygen, lessening the harmful carbon that is in the air.5...