This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Reform Movements. Essay

964 words - 4 pages

During the time period of 1825-1850, democratic ideals of eqality, liberty and pursuit of happiness were inculcated into the masses of America through a series of reform movements that emerged in the antebellum era. These reforms ranged from temperance, abolition and spirituality to public schools and good living conditions. Revival of religion provided new ideologies that paved the way for the Second Great Awakening. The reform movements of this period held a belies in the innate goodness of human nature which can improve his social, moral and spiritual life.Behind the reform impulse lay a religious movement - the evangelical revivals known as the second great awakening. Charles G.Finney established that protestant revivalism was a powerful force for the improvement of society as a whole.( Document B ). Even the " harlets, and drunkards, and infedels, and all sorts of abondoned characters are awakened and reformed", proclaimed Finney. He led ,massive revivals in Rochester (1830 ) and NYC ( 1831 ). It contributed to the growth of Methodist, Baptist and other evangelical denominations in America. It was believed that humans were moral free agents of God who could choose goods over evil.The age of reforms saw a great feminist movement in America. Many reformers demanded equal status for women in society. New York Female Reform Society tried to close houses of prostitution and opened up a refuge to convert prostitutes to evangelical protestants. The Seneca Falls, New York meeting in 1848 ( Document I ) and its 'Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, demanded not only for the equal status of women but it also demanded right to vote for the women like men. It was indeed a revolutionary idea in those days and it laid the foundation of the idea of equality of sexes.The reform movement converted the antislavery movement into the abolition movement thus supported the democratic sentiment of 'all men are created equal'. Great abolitionists like William Lloyed Garrison and Fredrick Douglass asked for the emancipation of slavery. Some abolitionists called for slave rebellion. Garnet appealed to the slaves to strike for their lives and liberties. " Rather die freeman, than live to be slaves" was his cry.Document C shows an engraving by Patrick Reason and depicts that abolition of slavery was an important part of reform movement. Today slavery is considered as a sin and each democratic constitution declares it a crime which is punishable under law.Educational reforms were introduced to creat an organised and disciplined population. Many reformers realised that people could only reap the rewards of these movements when they are educated. Thus, the reformers laid great emphasis on improving literacy. Public schools were formed to imbibe social values. Document E shows that these schools emphasised on hard work which was considered necessary for a growing nation and to make them responsible citizens. Horace Mann pushed for more and better schools, Noha...

Find Another Essay On Reform Movements.

How reform movements in the 1800s sought to expand democratic ideals (AP US History DBQ)

1186 words - 5 pages America was expanding in the early 1800s, politically, economically, and socially. Many movements occurred during this time, particularly from 1825 to 1850, aimed to better laws, institutions, and society and to spread democracy overall. Although the religious, penal, education, and feminist reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals, the temperance and abolitionist reform movements ended up limiting democracy.The

The Role Women Played in the Social Reform Movements of the Antebellum Period

2205 words - 9 pages The Role Women Played in the Social Reform Movements of the Antebellum Period Comprehending the lives of American women and their roles is fundamental for understanding the entire antebellum period in America. The period 1820 to 1870 in the United States was marked by a forceful and widespread debate on woman's roles and their proper vocation whether this be in the home or outside the home and becoming wage earners.This

Discuss the extent to which the American reform movements of 1825-1850 sought to expand democratic ideals in America

1009 words - 4 pages In the period from 1825-1850, a majority of the reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals. However, some did so indirectly and unintentionally.The reform movements were spurred by the Second Great Awakening, which began in New England in the late 1790's, and would eventually spread throughout the country. The Second GA differed from the First in that people were now believed to be able to choose whether or not to

Why did moral reform movements gather strength in the 1830s-1850s and what underlying force or forces gave them strength?

975 words - 4 pages It is a basic rule of human nature that Homo Sapien needs permanency. In times of great social upheaval, people will often turn to the familiar arms of religion in search of that permanency. The 1830s through 1850s were no exception to the rule. The nation was hit by wave after wave of moral reform movements as the people turned to organized religion for stability in the midst of the Industrial Revolution. But why did these moral reform

"Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals." Assess the validity of the statement with specific reference to the years 1825-1850."

1058 words - 4 pages reinforce the ideals the nation so actively prides itself in. Many however, did not take part in these reforms, insisting that the old ways were the best ways.The Second Great Awakening was the push that brought on these reform movements. Beginning in New England, in the late 1790s, and later spreading throughout the country, the Second Great Awakening brought on a new way to look at life. People felt freer to announce their thoughts. They weren't

Considering the economic status of black Americans and Hispanics in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990's, it is easy to be cynical about the accomplishments of their reform movements in the 1960s

685 words - 3 pages The nation's immigration quotas expanded allowing more newcomers to enter the United States legally than at any point since the beginning of the twentieth century. The Immigration Reform Act of 1965 had eliminated quotas based on national origin. Newcomers from regions other than Latin America were generally admitted on a first-come, first-served basis. The extent and character of the new immigration was causing a dramatic change in the

Movements Which Flourished in the United States' Early Years

1003 words - 4 pages evils. During this time period between 1825-1850 a tremendous surge in the spirit of reform took place in which the Temperance, Utopian, Criminal Institution, Suffragist, Abolitionist, and Public School reform movements occurred. All of these reform movements were similar as they all aimed at making the American society better. Although, many reform movements attempted to dissolve disunity in the social ladder and strove for equal rights

Jewish history

1804 words - 7 pages Were movements in European Jewry such as Haskalah, Reform, and Zionism merely responses to negative perceptions of Jewry? Or were they positive movements in their own rights?For centuries, the Jewish communities around Europe strived to find their sense of identity within the vast continent. Through several controversial yet relatively triumphant and progressive movements such as the Haskalah, Reform as well as Zionism, European Jewry managed

Antebellum Reform

652 words - 3 pages There were many reform movements which took place during the 1800s leading up to the Civil War, a primary effect of these movements. Still, each different campaign had at least one aspect of similarity: their cause. Antebellum reform was motivated primarily by humanitarian goals due to the influences of evangelicalism, human morale, and democratic ideals.Religion played a major role in the lives of all citizens during the building and expansion

American Judaism: Orthodox to Reform and Everything between

2371 words - 9 pages American Judaism: Orthodox to Reform and Everything Between American Jews today identify themselves as Orthodox, Reform, Conservative, or Reconstructionist. These four movements in modern American Judaism are different in many aspects, but one must remember that even though there are differences in the different beliefs of the Jewish movements, that all Jews share a common bond of a history and a destiny. They are one people. These four

Analysis of New Social Movement Theory

1018 words - 4 pages members seek “institutional reform” to attain greater power in decision making processes, promoting a “‘democratizing dynamic’” in social movement discourse. The third characteristic describes the mode of identity formation that is predominant in NSM’s, whose center tends to be “cultural and symbolic issues,” in contrast to the mobilization around economic grievances in other social movements (Buechler & Cylke 277). The shared symbols and

Similar Essays

United States Reform Movements Essay

785 words - 3 pages In the years following the Second Great Awakening of the United States, numerous reform factions began to spring up around the country, fueled by recent evangelical ideals. Seeking to improve and expand democratic ideals, many of these factions undertook drastic measures to achieve what they believed to be a proper aspiration. Nevertheless, it would be farfetched to claim that such reform movements within the US resulted in any positive outcomes

Islamic Reform Movements Essay

1888 words - 8 pages Islamic Reform Movements Behind all Islamic reform movements is the rejection of the western idea of nation-state and the principle of separation between the church and state. All Islamic reform movements seek to change Islam and society on the basis of a return to a strict adherence to the Qur'an and the Hadiths. To reform Islam and society, reform movements advocate the taking of political power in order to command that which is proper

The Antebellum Era: Major Social Reform Movements

1222 words - 5 pages The antebellum period was full of social reform movements based on the urge to eradicate evil and improve human conditions in society. Despite the attempt to deal with a wide variety of reforms to provide positive changes to society these reform movements were met with varying degrees of success. This essay will focus on five of the major social reform movements of that era discussing their accomplishments, failures and impacts on America as a

Reform Movements Of The First Half Of The Nineteenth Century

1015 words - 4 pages Throughout history there have been many reform movements that have changed the country which they took place in. During the first half of the nineteenth century the reform movements in America brought lasting change by causing the citizens of America to rethink their views on many important issues brought about by the economic and social disruptions of the market revolutions. First of all, the Temperance Movement helped to make a lasting change