Reformers And Radicals Essay

2424 words - 10 pages

Question: What means did reformers and radicals use to communicate their messages and how did these means influence their ideologies?

Over the first Century and a half of American History, Reformers and Radicals found many innovative and effective ways to communicate their ideas to the country. Today, sending a message across the country can be as easy as writing an e-mail, and mass communication can be achieved as easily as setting up a website or buying a television advertisement. It is hard for one to imagine a world without a computer, a TV, or even a telephone, but this was the world that made the task of delivering a message to the people such a daunting task in 19th Century America. Reformers and Radicals used methods such as public speech, writings, organizations, and even violence to communicate to the entire nation. Indeed, the method of conveying a particular message or ideology chosen was very important, as it would often play a large part in shaping that ideology in the eyes of the public.
     Public speech was one of the most common methods that reformers used to reach the general public. Speeches had many advantages that made them a very appealing way for reformers to convey their message. The main advantage that they held was that they were cost efficient. It only takes one person to make a speech, and there is no other capital required. If someone wanted his or her view heard and had no other way to go about it, a speech was often the best option. Speakers did not even require venues to make their speeches. Although churches or other public buildings were often used, a speech could be made from the back of a horse driven cart. This style of riding from town to town was often seen in New England and upstate New York, where towns were close enough to make traveling from town to town practical. Speeches also appealed to reform groups who did not have a large contingency; a small group of speakers could often reach a large portion of the country easily.
Speeches functioned as great tools for inspiring and motivating people. A passionate and charismatic speaker could often change a group of people’s view of the world with just a short speech. A perfect example of this phenomenon can be seen in the leaders of religious groups such as Matthias and Joseph Smith. These two men both possessed the ability to make people pick up and leave their lives in a heartbeat. Although their views on religion were extreme, people who were not happy with their lives were susceptible to their appeals to build new utopian societies.
Other great public speakers included men like Booker T. Washington, who, in his famous “Atlanta Compromise”, actually made the case that segregation could be a good thing for African Americans. Washington’s masterful use of ambiguity (Walters lecture) allowed him to make appeals to African Americans to better their standing without offending or scaring the white population of the south. The...

Find Another Essay On Reformers And Radicals

Lord Liverpool's Government's Responsibility for the Popular Unrest in the Years 1815 - 1821

1920 words - 8 pages of class-consciousness; bad harvests (on top of the Corn Laws) caused food shortages for which the government was only indirectly responsible. The Industrial revolution, and the population boom that went with it, helped to bring the situation to boiling point, as in the new towns and cities living standards decreased, while radicals were given opportunity to air their views with like-minded people. Finally, the general

Failure of the Campaign for Parliamentary Reform

2171 words - 9 pages 19th century. For example, religious non-conformists and their supporters were much more concerned with obliterating discriminatory legislation against them, dating from the reign of Charles II. Other groups in society, such as the evangelical reformers were beginning to build up support and having an increasing say in matters over the issue of the slave trade. This shows that parliamentary reform was not the only issue of

Society at the Time of the Communist Manifesto

1554 words - 6 pages movement quickly, they also collapsed quickly.2 There were a number of reasons the movement was weakened. The radical social reformers were looking for justice for the peasants and workers, while the moderate political reformers wanted to protect the influence of the middle class.3 Also, radicals favored a republican government while moderates wanted a constitutional monarchy. Radicals wanted to collect all private property (including property of

Slavery

924 words - 4 pages World. The number of slaves imported was small at first, and it did not seem necessary to define their legal status. Statutory recognition of slavery, however, occurred in Massachusetts in 1641, in Connecticut in 1650, and in Virginia in 1661. Abolitionists, reformers of the 18th and 19th centuries dedicated to eliminating slavery, especially in the English-speaking countries. Although the Quakers had long opposed slavery, abolitionism as an

The 19th Centuary

1049 words - 4 pages the way in the development of railroads and factories. We find a lot of documents from that time period describing working conditions in Britain during that era. As a response to those changes created by Industrial Revolution many sought reforms to confront those social problems. Karl Marx was one of those reformers proposing and arguing for the reforms in his Communist Manifesto. There are a number of direct correlations between the

Italian Renissance and the Reformation

924 words - 4 pages that included a belief in predestination, or the selection by God of who would be saved and who would be damned. Lastly, the Anabaptists were viewed as radicals by all other Christians, and took an extremely conservative position on life. Reform had serious consequences. Reformers were often killed violently by Catholics. Newly formed groups of Protestants began to fight against Catholics within their country, creating civil unrest. However

Roger Daniels' View of The Struggles of Immigrants

1498 words - 6 pages . The soldiers killed 250 Indian men, women and children. Many lawyers, reformers and politicians thought that Indians were destined to disappear. In the 1890?s, the Indian population fell from several million to 250,000. Roger Daniels states that American Indians were the poorest group in American society. They had the highest infant mortality rate, shortest life spans, lowest incomes and fewest material goods. Indians were forcibly converted into

The Rise of Democracy in Britain

1711 words - 7 pages phenomenon can be seen as early as the reforms of 1832. Although middle and working class radicals were satisfied with the provisions of the reforms, this success only encouraged them to campaign for more drastic change. This sentiment inspired the Chartists, a group of reformers who provided the base of democratic action later taken up by the radicals, who succeeded in pushing many reforms through parliament later in the

Outline the causes of Discontent experienced by the population in the 19th Century?

1923 words - 8 pages , farms and factories were out of business, this added to the discontent.Also there were groups of people that were expressing their discontent by demonstrating and marching. These people were known as The Radicals, William Cobbert was a key person, and Cobbert published a weekly pamphlet "Political Register" to get his point of view across. Other Spencean Philanthropists were Henry Hunt and Arthur Thistlewood they were not satisfied with the

French Revolution - reign of terror:causes and effects

1209 words - 5 pages the Sans-culottes taking extreme measures to protect their new republic. The consequences of the period of terror were apparent as soon as the fires of terror had burnt itself out. Many of the very moderates and extremists had been executed leaving the reformers standing on middle ground to eventually form the constitution and build a new republic, this ensured that the revolution had been successful.In the beginning the French Revolution had been

Ulysses S. Grant

1117 words - 4 pages president's clear Pro-Southern tendencies, the general gradually moved closer to the radicals and cooperated with Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton in carrying out the congressional Reconstruction plan for the South. Grant accepted appointment as secretary ad interim after Johnson's dismissal of Stanton, but clashed violently with the president when the Senate ordered Stanton reinstated. Then, as the country's best-known military leader, he became

Similar Essays

The Terror Dbq Essay

591 words - 3 pages France experienced a great change in 1793, When the radical Jacobins became in power. The country was in havoc, and a Reign of Terror developed by local revolutionary committees. Because of this, thousands of people were killed by guillotine or other methods. The Terror was successful in executing the counter-revolutionaries of the French Revolution to no longer conspire against the radicals and reformers, and The Reign of Terror also united

The People's Republic Of Power Essay

893 words - 4 pages The essay under critical analysis is entitled, “Philadelphia’s Radical Caucus That Propelled Pennsylvania to Independence and Democracy,” written by Gary B. Nash. This analytical essay consumes the fourth chapter of the book Revolutionary Founders: Rebels, Radicals, and Reformers in the Making of the Nation, edited by Alfred F. Young, Gary B. Nash, and Ray Raphael. His essay, along with the twenty-one other accounts in the book depicting

Turgenev Essay

894 words - 4 pages Turgenev The Great Reforms of the 1860's generated an era of social and economic turmoil in Russia. These unstable times spawned the growth of a radical intellectual group known as, the intellegencia. These new reformers or radicals were the sons and daughters of the heads of Russia. They wished to sweep away the assumptions of the romantic generation of the 1840's that "refused to accept the supremacy of reason over emotion

How And With What Success Has Liberalism Sought To Emancipate Individuals?

1649 words - 7 pages impact as only 25% of the working population in the United Kingdom found employment though them. [8: Vincent Emy, H Liberals, radicals, and social politics, 1892-1914 p. 14][9: Heywood A, Political Ideologies, 2007 pg. 60][10: Watts, D Whigs, Radicals, and Liberals, 1815-1914, p.89][11: Watts, D Whigs, Radicals, and Liberals, 1815-1914, p.89]Lastly, within the liberal reforms one must look at the National Health Insurance Act of 1911, which truly