This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Reforming United Kingdom's Electoral System Essay

1816 words - 7 pages

Reforming United Kingdom's Electoral System

For centuries Britain has used and adapted the First Past The Post
(FPTP) Electoral system. It has been developed through a growing
country that is reflected in the unwritten constitution. FPTP is
arranged whereby the country is split into constituencies, and any
candidate (as long as he/she pays a £500 deposit) may stand to be
elected. The candidate with the largest share of votes wins the seat,
is elected to Parliament and becomes an MP. The MP has the right to go
to every Parliament session and vote on legislation for the four or
five year term. The candidate usually stands under a party name. This
means when an MP under a party name gets a seat, that party gets a
seat. The party with the majority of seats then gains power and
becomes the Government. This is called the General Election. The
Government is drawn from Parliament and chosen by the PM, they run the
country until the next General Election in four of five years time, at
the Government's discretion. This system is often called undemocratic
and indirect so by analysing its weaknesses and the possible
alternatives, it will be possible to determine whether it is desirable
to reform the voting system.

There has been much talk in favour of reforming the voting system
mainly because FPTP is, in places, undemocratic and bias. The first
report of the suggestion of reformation came from the Jenkins' Report,
1988. It stated that FPTP tends to disunite rather than unite our
country. This is mainly because it exaggerates opinions and movements
and concentrates support.

When a party wins a seat, that constituency is represented by
(affiliated to) that party. This means that trends appear where groups
of constituencies close to one another are represented by the same
party. This results in a concentration of support. For example:
traditionally, the South East, where the general population is
wealthier than that of other areas, has supported the Conservatives.
With geographical trends like these, areas of the country go without
representation in Government for long periods of time. Areas such as
the South West which has a strong Liberal Democrat history, has never
been represented in Government, and so the system can be said to be
unfair and undemocratic. Secondly, our electoral system is said to be
democratic, yet the third party (Liberal Democrats) gets a
disproportionate amount of seats in comparison to the vote. Not only
does First Past The Post make it very hard for the Liberal Democrats
to get a seat (one seat cost them over 90,000 votes in 2001), but as
they are not in Government, the Party's manifesto cannot be carried
out and so they are not ever represented fully. This raises the
question that with a more representative system: would Liberal
Democrats and their...

Find Another Essay On Reforming United Kingdom's Electoral System

Draft: Are Current Political Conditions Ripe in Canada to Mobilize for a Change from Single Member Plurality (SMP) Electoral System?

916 words - 4 pages of the diversity within a region or within Canada, with over 50% of MP’s not receiving majority support of their constituents. This, I will contend, leads to voter apathy and possible support for reforming Canada’s Electoral system. Alternative Electoral Systems. For my third block of arguments, I will discuss possible alternatives to our current electoral system, focusing on those that lean towards a more representative nature and result in less

the origin of electoral college Essay

825 words - 3 pages citizens vote for a candidate, they are actually voting for the entire list of electors who have affirmed support for that candidate and his vice presidential running mate.      Since 1800s, four presidents had won by electoral votes, instead of popular votes. Many people argue that rather than the Electoral College system; the United States should hold the presidential elections as a direct election. In other words, the winner

The Unfairness of the Electoral College

925 words - 4 pages Established in Article II of the Constitution, the Electoral College was created as a compromise between those who wanted the people to elect the President and those who wanted Congress to elect the President. This system calls for the people to vote for electors who would then in turn vote to determine who gets the presidency. These electors would be chosen by each state party committee, and they would equal the number of Senators and

Pros and Cons of the Electoral College

970 words - 4 pages In each presidential election, United States goes through a system called the Electoral College. The Electoral College allows a presidential candidate to win elections. The U.S. Constitution states that the Electoral College consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. These representatives of Congress have been established in the constitution in order to form a compromise in the choosing of the President by a vote in Congress and

The Past, Present, and Future of the Electoral College

1775 words - 7 pages In the United States, the Electoral College determines the victor of a national election. Each state has its own number of electoral votes, which is determined by state population. This system is a “winner takes all” system. Which means the candidate with 50 percent or more of the votes in an individual state gets all of that states electoral votes. The 2016 presidential election will have 538 electoral votes, this means that the election will

The Constitutional Law of UK in Comparison with the Constitutional law of Russia

4961 words - 20 pages developed under very different historical and ideological influence to the constitutional legal system of the United Kingdom. The main difference is that the United Kingdom has an unwritten constitutional law whereas the state of Russia have a written constitutional law.From the discussions above, some conclusions can now be reached about the characteristics of the United Kingdom's constitution. In summary, it can be said that it is largely an unwritten

The Flawed Electoral College Voting Process

1201 words - 5 pages to vote. No one governmental entity should have the right to decide the American people’s choice. One serious flaw in the Electoral College system is that the popular vote winner does not always win Presidency. This is a result of two factors. “In each State the winning candidate customarily receives all that State’s electoral votes”(343). For example, in 1992 Bill Clinton received barely 50% to win New York’s popular vote and therefore won

Is Democracy Diminishing at its Moment of Triumph?

2963 words - 12 pages other democracies. In 2002 the 'Supreme Court of Canada found that disenfranchisement of prisoners under the Canada Elections Act violated the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, while in 2004 and 2005 the European Court of Human Rights found that the United Kingdom's denial of voting rights to all prisoners was arbitrary and harsh, and hence in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights.' Imprisonment should not justify the removal

Republican Unfairness (problems with the Electoral College)

756 words - 3 pages the United States is a republic. Maine and Nebraska are, however, different. They work under a democratic system, rather than the republican system most states use. (national - Electoral College ©2000). In order to better serve our democracy, the Electoral College should be amended so that their votes are rationally divided, in each state, among the candidates running for President.Critics argue that an amendment to the Electoral

Electoral College Essay

540 words - 2 pages The Electoral College is not on the votes cast directly by the people but by a group of people elected by the citizens. This group of officials known also as "presidential electors" is the Electoral College. Each state is assigned a certain number of candidates. In total, the United States has 538 presidential electors. These officials decide which candidates will become the next president and vice president of the United States. I think the

The Electoral College Should be Abolished for many Clearly Defined Reasons

892 words - 4 pages Have you ever wondered where America would be right now if Albert Gore had won the 2000 presidential election, as determined by the popular vote? In the 2000 election, Gore won the popular majority of votes cast for the president in the United States, but because of a system called The Electoral College, George Bush was given the White House. The Electoral College is a system of voting based upon population of individual states: each state is

Similar Essays

Reforming The Canadian Electoral System Essay

1479 words - 6 pages , 2011. Print. Lavoie, Marie and Vincent Lemieux. “The Evaluation of Electoral Systems", Canadian Parliamentary Review, 14.3 (1984): 2-5. Print Pilon, Dennis. The Politics of Voting: Reforming Canada's Electoral System, Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications, 2007. Print

United Kingdom's Advanced Aviation System Essay

1139 words - 5 pages The United Kingdom has one of the most advanced and complex aviation systems in the world. London, the kingdom capital, is the world most internationally connected city given the range of destinations available from airports located within the city. Furthermore, majority of UK citizens (more than 70 percent of the population) live within less than an hour’s journey from an airport that offers flights to numerous destinations across the world

The First Steps To Reforming The United State’s Decrepit Currency System

1296 words - 6 pages he responded with, “You know, I gotta tell you John, I don’t know. Its one of those things where I think people get attached emotionally to the way things have been.” This sentimentality and nostalgia for the past has cost the United States billions. The other crux to the problem facing the altering of the currency system, is that it isn’t necessarily a party issue. No candidate would base their platform on the promise to eliminate pennies and

The Electoral College Essay

2395 words - 10 pages details of the Electoral College system, a system which denies the power to elect the president to the American people. (The Constitution) To ensure a more complete democracy and a true democratic election of the president, the Electoral College should be abolished in order to allow popular vote to be the method by which the president is elected. Although not common knowledge among the American electorate, presidential elections in the United