While there have been many attempts for a regional Middle East during the past half-century , and political and security cooperation , economic and still remains limited . Matthew Ajrenza and Marina Calculli study where I went wrong and attempts to explore the prospects for greater regional unity in the future .
By Marina Calculli and Matthew Ajrenza for International Peace Institute ( IPI )
In the international system today tend neighboring countries to build regional groupings or sub-regional in order to improve their ability to stand up in the face of the spread of the unprecedented challenges of the new world . This phenomenon has taken the form of both political from top to bottom , which we call the process of regional and from bottom to top , which we call structural localization process . Identifies regional cooperation in defense and security, economic and institutional fields , which occur at the level of political decision-making . Know localization increased activity based on the region , and is characterized by economic and social interactions unguided between actors from non-State both individuals and corporations , companies and non-governmental organizations , etc. While many of the attempts at regional launched in the Middle East during the latter half of the last century , and progress has been limited in terms of political and security cooperation , and economic . Changing political environment today , reinforced by the 2011 uprisings , and provides unprecedented opportunities to open new dimensions for regional cooperation . It is likely to exert more pressure on the new political actors to explore new ways to promote economic growth and demand in order to sabotage democracy and social justice , and the reduction of unemployment and job creation . This can provide an unprecedented incentives to improve regional cooperation .
Deteriorating conditions of some of the economies...