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Rehabilitation, Not Capital Punishment Essay

700 words - 3 pages

Rehabilitation, Not Capital Punishment


        The death penalty is the punishment used in 38 states, and many

other countries, as a way of disposing the people in society who are

mentally or emotionally disturbed, love their families very much, have a

bad temper, or just plain made a mistake.  These reasons account for many

homicides that take place each year.  Capitol Punishment is just not humane

and should not be legal.


        The argument most often used to support the death penalty in

former-Soviet republics is the necessity of having a particularly

efficacious deterrent against murders and other common crimes. However,

none of the many studies about the matter have been able to show that death

penalty is more of a deterrent than other punishments.  It's completely

wrong to think that most of those who commit serious crimes such as murders

consider the consequences of their actions. Murders are often committed

when the criminal is blinded with passion, when emotions prevail over

reason. They are sometimes committed under the influence of drugs or

alcohol, or in panic moments, when the culprit is discovered while he

steals, as I mentioned already. Some murderers have very serious

psychiatric problems or are mental patients. In none of these cases is it

possible that the fear to be sentenced to death could act as an effective



        There is another heavy limit. One who plans a crime rationally can

choose to go on, although he knows the risk he's running, thinking that he

won't be discovered. Most of the criminologists assert that the best way to

discourage murderers isn't increasing the severity of punishment, but

increasing the possibility of discovering the crime and condemning the

culprit.  This will take care of the truly deserving people, who know and

understand what they are doing.


        Sometimes death penalty has opposite effects to the ones wanted.

Those who know they risk to be sentenced to death can be encouraged to kill

the witnesses of their crime or anyone who could be able to identify and

incriminate them.  To prevent their own death, they would kill again, and

eventually get away with the preliminary murder.


        Data about crime in abolitionist countries doesn't prove at all

that the...

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