Section A: Plan of Investigation
Between March 1939 and May 1945, what was left of the Czech part of Czechoslovakia after the Munich Agreement of 1938 - namely the regions of Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia, was a part of the Third Reich as Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. In 1941, following a series of resistance actions, Reinhard Heydrich replaced Konstantin von Neurath, who held the office of Reichsprotektor from the formation of the Protectorate. He then in a short period of time wiped out most of the resistance groups active in the area. On 4th June 1942, Heydrich was assassinated by two Czechoslovak men - resistance members in exile (in Great Britain).
Was there a significant resistance to the German rule in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia? To what extent was the assassination of the acting Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich a spontaneous climax of the Czechoslovak resistance movement at home?
In order to determine this, the investigation will examine the Czechoslovak resistance organizations, both at home and abroad, together with their relationship to the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich. For this purpose the investigation uses available studies and essays regarding the Protectorate period, Czechoslovak resistance and the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, together with published interviews with those who witnessed the events or the persecution following them.
Furthermore, the investigation will study the meaning of the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich and its consequences for the post-war development in the region.
Section B: Summary of Evidence
Establishment of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Emil Hácha, Adolf Hitler’s proclamation on 15 March 1939, “Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia”
Konstantin von Neurath appointed Reichsprotektor
Main resistance organizations “at home”
English translations of the names of the organizations as used by Robert Gerwarth
Obrana národa - Nation’s Defence (ON)
Petiční výbor “Věrni zůstaneme!” - Petitionary Committee ‘We Remain Faithful!’ (PVVZ)
Politické ústředí - Political Centre (PÚ)
Komunistická strana Československa - Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ)
Ústřední vedení odboje domácího - Central Leadership of Home Resistance (ÚVOD)
Czechoslovak resistance abroad
Exile government led by dr. Edvard Beneš
Communist resistance (tied to Moscow)
Reinhard Heydrich as the Reich Protector
Moves against the resistance groups in the Protectorate (in the time between 29 September 1941 and 4 June 1942)
Operation Anthropoid,the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, May 27 1942
The reports of the assassination in 1942
Consequences of the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich (Heydrichiáda)
Villages Lidice and Ležáky
Arrests of members of the resistance groups
Resistance in Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia after 1942
Political consequences of the repressions following the assassination
Munich agreement revoked by Great Britain (5 August 1942)