Relation between china and Taiwan
The current conflict between china and Taiwan originally began in 1949 when Chiang Kai-shek (President of Republic of China) and his followers fled to Taiwan after their defeat by the Chinese communist party (led by Moa Tse-Tung) in the Chinese civil war, which erupted immediately after the Second World War. In 1950, the Chinese communist party established the people’s republic of china (PRC) and invaded Taiwan, to unify all of china under their rule. Their plan failed, when the United States sent naval forces to defend Taiwan.
Since then, both countries have existed in neither a state of complete independence nor integration of neither war nor ...view middle of the document...
China is undoubtedly the country in this conflict that has the most influence over how it will eventually unfold, particularly, whether or not it turns into a military conflict. The loss of Taiwan issues has become a crucial issue of territorial integrity to Beijing, as well as a symbol of the legitimacy of the Chinese communist party. If Taiwan successfully gains its independence, other provinces under china may attempt to break free as well and its own people, may view the government in Beijing as weak, which may result into, incite revolts and civil unrest. The Chinese government worst fear are that the loss of Taiwan could begin a downward spiral for china, leading to the loss of territory, party power, and china’s military superiority in the region.
Taiwan’s domestic politics and cross-strait relations
Taiwan’s domestic politics became relevant to cross-strait relations when the democratization of Taiwan during the 1990s complicated the essence of the conflict. Although the rivalry between china and Taiwan persisted from 1949 to the present, the essence of this rivalry has changed since the 1990s when Taiwan’s then president Lee Teng-Hui promoted “Taiwanese identity” in the course of Taiwan’s democratization, which eventually led to the emergence of “Taiwanese nationalism.” Before 1990s, the conflict between china and Taiwan was regarded as a “domestic affairs” by both sides. During that period, the government of People’s Republic of china in Beijing and the government of the republic of china in Taipei fought over the legitimacy of the government of china as whole. Simply speaking, the conflict between china and Taiwan during that time was regarded as a domestic conflict between “the Chinese in mainland china” and “the Chinese in Taiwan” in the “Chinese civil war.”
To recapitulate, Taiwan’s domestic political development during the 1990s resulted in the emergence of Taiwanese nationalism and in turn led to the emergence of two political forces in Taiwan’s domestic politics: the force of pro-Taiwanese nationalism currently represented by Pan-Green, and the force of pro-Chinese nationalism currently represented by Pan-Blue. Here, what should be emphasized is that the outcome of the political conflict between these two forces in Taiwan’s domestic politics would have a critical effect on the China-Taiwan relations and the relations in the Taiwan Strait. The most dangerous prospect affecting peace in the Taiwan Strait is either a Chinese attack against Taiwan without Taiwan’s provocation, or a Taiwanese provocation that triggers a justified Chinese attack.
Relation between china and Taiwan based on 1992 consensus
Relations between china and Taiwan across Taiwan straits made rapid headway, centering on economic fields such as trade and tourism, since the inauguration of the Ma Ying-Jeou administration in may 2008, and this flow of events towards closer cross-straits relations was created by the fact that both china and Taiwan...