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Relations Between The Soviets And Germans

622 words - 3 pages

Relations between the Soviets and Germans started off with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact signed by both sides prior to the invasion of Poland. Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, the supreme leaders of their respective countries in terms of military command, both agreed that a non-aggression pact would benefit both countries. However, on 22 June 1941, the Germans launched Operation Barbarossa, a massive frontal assault on the USSR,
under the order of Hitler’s 21st Directive. Surprised and overwhelmed the Soviets proved to be no match for the German blitzkrieg allowing the USSR to be conquered all the way to the outskirts of Moscow. A new operation sprung from Operation Barbarossa known as Operation Case Blue. The operation’s objective was for Army Group South to capture the oilfields in the Caucuses next to Rostov. The Army Group was then split by Hitler, having one portion sent towards the oilfields and the other towards Stalingrad. Upon reaching Stalingrad, the German advancement was halted due to fierce resistance resulting in close quarter combat and many casualties. On 19 November 1942, the Soviets launched their counteroffensive, Operation Uranus, which destroyed German forces around Stalingrad and marked a turning point for the war in Europe.
All decision-making regarding military operations had to be approved by Hitler.. Most military offensives were planned and enacted according to Hitler’s own justifications, including Stalingrad. Hitler’s autobiography reveals his attitudes towards the Soviet people by expressing his disgust towards Bolshevism, pro-Slavic ideals, and the references to the Generalplan Ost, the repopulation of Eastern Europe with Germanic peoples. World War II was a total war in which the civilian population had to contribute to the war effort. Stalingrad was named after the Soviet...

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