Relationship Between Dependency And Power Essay

1117 words - 4 pages

The following essay is a discussion on the five power bases (which are coercive, reward, legitimate, expert, and referent), and the relationship between dependency and power. For each one of the power bases and the aforementioned relationship I will develop a thesis. The setting with which the theses are to be mined is a theoretical scenario where there is a company that creates marketing programs for the real estate industry: this company will be identified henceforth as Company A. Within Company A there are three employees; Employee 1 has worked in the marketing department for 12 yrs, Employee 2 is the only certified public accountant (CPA) in the accounting department, Employee 3 works in the sales department and has been with the corporation for a little over a year. The dynamics between these employees, their peers and managers create the framework wherein the theses are to be developed.
The first employee to be considered is Employee 1. As previously mentioned this employee has worked for the corporation for 12 years, and is working in the marketing department. In this department, employees who earn a superior rating on their yearly performance evaluation receive a large bonus at the end of the year. The marketing manager encourages employees to work beyond the requisite 40 hours a week by reminding them of the yearly bonus for receiving a superior rating on their next evaluation. In response to the possibility of a bonus, Employee 1 often comes into the office on weekends or stays late to ensure the work is complete and accurate, in the hope of being able to pay for a vacation that would be unaffordable otherwise. In this scenario, the marketing manager’s ability to review employee’s performance for an evaluation is the use of a legitimate power base. According to Stephen Robbins’s book Organizational Behavior a legitimate power base (also called legitimate power) is characterized by the formal authority to control and use organizational resources. In this example Employee 1’s manager’s control of a performance review is congruent with Mr. Robbins’s example of an organizational resource. Given that, Employee 1 accepts his manager’s authority, the manager maintains the structural position of legitimate power. Furthermore, Employee 1’s manager use the potential of a bonus as an incentive is a reward power base. Robbins’s states that “People comply with the wishes or directives of another because doing so produces positive benefits; therefore, one who can distribute rewards that others view as valuable will have power over those others.” In this example we can see the dynamic that the author portrays as reward power. The marketing manager is able to reward Employee 1 with a financial reward when he/she complies with the managers directives; therefore Employee 1 strives to comply. Intertwined in this scenario we see the use of coercive power as well. Employee 1’s manager uses the evaluation and the possibility of a bonus as a tool to...

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