This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Relationship Between Optimism And Subjective Well Being

4111 words - 16 pages

ABSTRACTOptimism, its affects, results, causes and mechanisms have been a relatively new and exciting area of interest for many psychologists. (change this sentence.. I don't really like it.) Recent studies have shown that optimism and an optimistic explanatory style can have several benefits for people. The purpose of this study is to first examine the measure of optimism or pessimism among a random sample of people. Next, the same people's satisfaction with life will also be measured. The results of these measurements will be pooled, examined, studied and interoperated. The relationship between one's optimism versus pessimism measurement and one's satisfaction with life will then be determined. It is hypothesized that people who score higher on the optimism versus pessimism score will be more likely to report a higher satisfaction with life.LITERATURE REVIEWHow does one obtain subjective well being (SWB)? What are the components of subjective well being? What leads to subjective well being? There have been many studies conducted concerning subjective well being and what helps determine how much an individual possesses or could posses. Diener, Lucas and Oishi (2002) state that subjective well being consists of happiness and life satisfaction. They also claim that happiness is determined by a set of values. For example, people may value things such as order, honor, social contact, family, status or tranquility to make them happy. Life satisfaction is the extent to which you like your life. People can judge their SWB using numerous theoretical approaches. The "need and goal satisfaction" theory is one of the most prevalent. This theory involves statements such as "what we have vs. what we want", "what we have now vs. what we did have", and "what we have vs. what others have". There are also personality predispositions and traits that contribute to SWB. Many people are just born happy or unhappy. Approximately 40% of people are born happy and 55% may be born unhappy. People who are extraverts, or outgoing, and people who do not worry as much exhibit higher levels of SWB. Demographic aspects that relate to SWB consist of income, physical health, marriage and spirituality. The main goal in many people's lives is to increase their SWB, but how? There have been studies with indication that exhibiting the trait of optimism will lead to many things that make people happier. (Diener, Lucas and Oishi (2002))Many people have heard the popular saying "The glass is half full, not half empty". This saying states the general definition of optimism, which is looking at the best of things. Optimists are people that expect more good things to happen to them rather than bad. Susan Gilbert (1998) presents a study that claims optimism is one of the best traits for a person to display because it helps people live healthier and longer lives. The study looked at students entering a stressful situation; in her case it was the first semester of law school. This...

Find Another Essay On Relationship between Optimism and Subjective Well-Being

Happiness or subjective well-being (SWB), is a biopsychosocial phenomenon

1065 words - 5 pages Introduction Is happiness or subjective well-being just an occurrence, or does this observable circumstance have accountabilities beyond what is experienced by the person who perceives feeling happy? We all desire to be happy, but how is this achieved and sustained? Are there predetermining factors that play a role, such as our genetic make-up? The following essay will explore subjective well-being in general, as this is considered to be

‘Happiness, or subjective well-being (SWB) is a biopsychosocial phenomenon.’

1145 words - 5 pages In this essay I will define and discuss the concept of ‘positive psychology’, the concept of ‘happiness’ which is synonymous with, and for the purposes of this essay will be referred to as, subjective well-being (SWB); the concept of ‘the architecture of sustainable happiness’; and the biopsychosocial model. I aim to demonstrate that SWB is a multifaceted phenomenon which can only be understood by investigating biological, psychological and

Relationship betweem Ethical Leadership, Employee Well Being, and Helping

1631 words - 7 pages The purpose of the study is to identify that whether ethical leadership and Human Resource Management (HRM), employee helping and the well-being. The researchers are interested in the relationship between the ethical leadership, employee well-being, and helping. Well-being is a combination of arousal and pleasure and illustrates an affective state ( Warr, 1987). Also, human resource management (HRM) that typically includes selection, training

Relationship Between a Human Being and a Computer: Computerized Therapy

860 words - 4 pages Literature review Computerized therapy is the relationship initiated between a human being and a computer. In this case, the computer takes issues from a person just like in the case of a human. Human therapists are tasked with the role of listening to the emotions of people and finding a way of addressing them. Therapy operates on the basis of curing the human mind and soul of issues that cause depression and other bad conditions. This

Consider the relationship established between Willy and Linda in the opening of the play. What do we learn here about their marriage? What clues to future events are subtly being introduced here?

1016 words - 4 pages Consider the relationship established between Willy and Linda in the opening of the play. What do we learn here about their marriage? What clues to future events are subtly being introduced here?Miller establishes the relationship between Willy and Linda as quite one-sided, because of Linda's supportive nature; this unintentionally leads to his tragic downfall.She acts as a mother and in a very sweet manner with him because she recognizes his

Well Being and Happiness

793 words - 4 pages run. They believe redistribution is an investment in the future well-being of the country. In comparison, both viewpoints believe that ultimate happiness is achieved by earning your success. They both agree that people who work extremely hard are more satisfied with their money rather than people who inherit or win it, such as in a lottery. They also both agree that more equal countries have healthier economies and happier populations. The

Music and Well-Being

2281 words - 9 pages 1.1 OVERVIEW OF THE TOPIC Music is one of the greatest human creations (DeNora, 2000). It plays an integral role in human society worldwide irrelevant of race, gender, age, wealth or well-being (Kemper & Danhauer, 2005). Indeed according to Batt-Rawden (2010), playing different music in diverse situations can introduce listeners to the desired and relevant atmosphere. In most circumstances, music is played to entertain people, but it can also

Preference Theory and Well-Being

2170 words - 9 pages A preference theory is a philosophical theory that the fulfilment of preferences is the only thing that matters in contributing to well-being. Well-being can be seen as what people ultimately want to achieve; the “ultimate good”1. In terms of preference theory, for you to reach the state of well-being then you must have your preferences satisfied. Preference theories can be split into two distinct categories, actual preference theory and

Differences Between Absolute, Relative, and Subjective Definitions of Poverty

1815 words - 8 pages (absolute) or on their well-being (relative) (Bellù et all, 2005). Subjective poverty According to de Vos and Garner (1991) that subjective poverty is new development in defining poverty which is introduced by Goedhart et all (1977) that uses on the idea that the opinion of people concerning their own situation in defining poverty. In addition subjective poverty uses to defined by examining who people consider to be poor ( Eszter, 2011). Marks

Social Connotations of Name and Well Being

2276 words - 9 pages faces, racial discrimination and perception, no research has examined the general perceptions of individuals based on social connotations associated with their name and how it affects their well-being, physically and mentally. Therefore the current study will clear investigate the relationship between perceived social connotations and its affects on an individuals well being. Defining culture, ethnicity, and Discrimination The vast majority

13009863 (Health and Well-being in Sport)

3164 words - 13 pages . Psychological Management of Physical Disabilities : A Practitioner’s Guide. London: Routledge, pp. 80-95 Department of Health (2010) Improving the health and well-being of people with long term conditions [online] Available from: [Accessed: 3rd March 2014] Diamond, A. W. and Coniam

Similar Essays

Subjective Well Being Essay

1151 words - 5 pages losing income. It is apparently not possible to generalize conclusions based on negative correlations. If research proves that certain motives are in a negative correlation with subjective well-being, it will not have significant impact of determining whether or not making money is an appropriate method for achieving a certain goal. However, researches would understand the correlation between money-making motivations and subjective well-being

Relationship Between Body And Mind And Physical Well Being

621 words - 3 pages There is a special two-way communication between mind and body and it is known that psychological problems like anxiety or stress, which occurs in the mind, may take control over the body and cause illnesses and disorders and vice-versa. In this paper, we will look at the mind-body relationship and the body-mind relationship and note that the mind is about thought, consciousness, mental images and processes while the body is about how the brain

Does Personality Correlate With Subjective Well Being?

1566 words - 7 pages correlation between the within-the person personality variation and their within subjective well-being. They wanted to explore the importance of a changing personality and how it may affect the well being of a person. The results of the study confirm that personality does change but the extend of that change depends on many factors as they predicated. Some of the factors that effect personality change, as found by Boyce, Wood & Powdthavee (2012

‘Happiness, Or Subjective Well Being (Swb) Is A Biopsychosocial Phenomenon.’

1458 words - 6 pages In this essay I will define and discuss the concepts of ‘positive psychology’, of ‘happiness’, which is synonymous with subjective well-being (SWB); of ‘the architecture of sustainable happiness’; and the biopsychosocial model. I aim to demonstrate that SWB is a multifaceted and can only be understood by investigating biological, psychological and social factors and their interdependence to construct a holistic model. I will provide examples