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Relationship Between Parental Acceptance And Psychological Adjustment

1996 words - 8 pages

This study showed that perceived parental acceptance (both mother and father) is related to adults’ psychological adjustment. These results are alike to those reported in past studies (Veneziano, 2000; Kim, 2008), giving supports to PARTheory premise about parental acceptance and adults’ outcomes (Rohner & Khaleque, 2002). This finding is also in accordance with previous studies in other cultural settings (Veneziano, 2000 and Lila, Garcia and Gracia, 2007)
When maternal and paternal acceptance were simultaneously entered into the multiple regression to examine the first hypothesis, which is to examined which parent’s warmth made more critical contribution to adults’ psychological adjustment, the results revealed that only perceived father acceptance made a significant prediction of adults’ psychological adjustment. This result is consistent with current study hypothesis and also finding from a past study (Hussain & Munaf, 2012b). Hussain and Munaf found that perceived father acceptance during childhood is a main influence of men and women psychological adjustment. Moreover, this result also provides support in Rohner and Veneziano (2001) literature review of the importance of father love. This result gives importance to father’s love and acceptance as being equally, or more important than mother’s love and acceptance on offspring outcomes. Although, studies have yet been unable to adequately provide explanation for the effects of father acceptance. There is a possibility that this effect may be due to the fact that adults perceive their father to have more power and control in the family compared to mother (Radin, 1981, as cited in Rohner & Veneziano, 2001). A study in Bangladesh conducted by Khaleque, Rohner & Shirin (2010) found that those who perceived their fathers as having more power and prestige also remembered and perceived their fathers as more loving than mothers (as cited in Khaleque & Rohner, 2012). As a result, those who reported their fathers to have more power record better psychological adjustment than those who report their fathers to have less power and prestige than mothers (Khaleque & Rohner, 2012). Another possible explanation for consideration is that it is likely that several aspects of father’s behavior, their occupation and father’s physical availability in household may be accounted for the variation in adults’ psychological adjustment. In addition, studies have found that both father and mother have different parenting styles and interact with their children differently (Cabrera et. al, 2000; Rohner & Veneziano, 2001; Hussain & Munafb, 2012).
The second and third hypothesis postulates that there was a positive correlation between perceived father acceptance on psychological adjustment and likewise for perceived mother acceptance on adults’ psychological adjustment. The result supports both hypotheses and is consistent with Parmar & Rohner’s 2008 study. The more adult perceive their father and mother as accepting,...

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