Relationship Between Plant Biomass And Climate Change In The Arctic

2119 words - 8 pages


The world has been warming up including the arctic since the 1950s (Hudson and Henry 2009; Mcguire et al. 2009).This concept is widely known as climate change or global warming. The increase in temperature on the earth surface and atmosphere has been a by-product of man’s industrialization and an insatiable need for energy (Smith 2008). A once contentious issue has now been put to rest furthermore there is the newly found supposition among the public that in fact climate change is a real and threatening problem (Smith 2008). The arctic’s warming affects a cross spectrum of environmental and biological systems that might not be irreversible and have the potential to cause precipitous changes in the earth structure (Mcguire et al. 2009). It is widely known that the low temperature in the arctic is one of the key factors that limit the growth of plant directly or indirectly (Post and Pedersen 2008). Temperatures directly affect plant growth by restricting the degree of tissue respiration and nutrient uptake (Brooker and Van der wal 2003) and indirectly by decelerating down the rate of decomposition (Chapin and Shaver 2002). The additional presence of CO2 is expected to increase plant biomass (Brouder and Volenec 2008). The interactive factors of Temperature, soil nutrients, CO2 availability and precipitation are the key factors for the growth of plants (Post and Perdersen 2008). The arctic is an excellent environment to carry out experimental studies on plants because of notable changes that can be noticed in plant structure or mass because of a change in temperature (Mcguire et al. 2009). There is a wide consensus among a number of scientists working in the arctic that warming leads to increased plant biomass in the area over a period. Walker et al., (2005) showed with his experiments at 11 different locations across the tundra biome. They showed plant responses in growth over two growing seasons. In some cases, warming seemed to favour some species over others suggesting climate change will shift or alter the balance of plant biome interaction in the arctic region (Dormann et al. 2009). However, some results showed no change in plant growth over the same period of two years (Hollister and Webber 2000). The efficacy of these warming experiments were analysed but some of these measurement experiments showed improved reproductive effects in plant species over a longer period (10-12 years) than a shorter time length (1-3 years). The fact noted by the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (2004) which suggested improved coordination and longer research time frame-work to enhance data validity and assessment. In this review, data realized from the arctic will be analyzed using statistical tests and a full discussion of the different...

Find Another Essay On Relationship Between Plant Biomass and Climate Change in the Arctic

How does the Relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change throughout hte play? by William Shakespeare

734 words - 3 pages lose, he yells "At least we'll die with harness on our back", implying that he plans on fighting to the death and taking a few people down with him. By this time Macbeth and Lady Macbeth had grown apart and he was not too sad when Seyton told him, "The Queen, my lord, is dead."Different people deal with death in different ways. The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is a prime example of that. Macbeth basically thought, "Gosh, killing

In Life of Pi, how does the relationship between Richard Parker and Pi change as the story progresses? What is its significance?

1124 words - 4 pages relation between Bengal tiger and Pi is depicted with great amount of detail that makes it consistent and plausible, due to the author's awareness that the intricate relationship will serve as an important role throughout the story in literary aspects. In the novel Life of Pi written by Canadian author Yann Martel, a relationship develops between a Bengal tiger and Pi, who are stranded on a lifeboat after a horrific shipwreck Richard Parker and

The Potential for Change: The relationship between male/female with culture/nature

1419 words - 6 pages solace. In the gallery, we saw how in 1930s Ireland, women were viewed as meek and passive. This idea was further emphasised through the erection of many hundreds of statues of the Virgin, in open-air grottos. The Madonna was seen by the church and state to provide the perfect exemplar for Irish women.In conclusion, we can see a cyclical movement here between the need to change the societal view of women and the need for women to change society

How does the relationship between Eliza Doolittle and Henry Higgins change throughout the play? Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw - also known as My Fair Lady

1212 words - 5 pages shop with him. Mr Higgins and Eliza always blame each other for how much she has changed, but they both know that this would have been the best possible outcome as she can talk like a lady and looks forward to a happy life. By Jade Bolger How does the relationship between Eliza Doolittle and Henry Higgins change throughout the play?

Climate Change and The Rise in Sea Level

2220 words - 9 pages , New Series, Vol. 22, No. 1 (1997).   Nordhaus, D. W. To Slow or Not to Slow: The Economics of The Greenhouse Effects The Economic Journal, Vol. 101, No. 407 (Jul., 1991).   Hansen et al. Global Warming in the Twenty-First Century: An Alternative Scenario Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 97, No.19 (Aug. 29, 2000)   Dale, H. V. The Relationship Between Land-Use Change and Climate Change

Melting in the Arctic and Global Warming

1700 words - 7 pages significance of the permafrost and the polar regions, but they also underline their importance within the relationship between various elements like climate, ecosystem, oceans, rivers, lakes, global water level, heat, seasons and climate. Therefore, it is compulsory for one to look at the gigantic picture and the whole framework, involving how any change in one of these elements can result with the change of everything involved, on a global basis

Shell In the Arctic

2413 words - 10 pages ”. Additionally, due to a partnership they have with Gazprom, Shell has managed to find it self tangled in the midst of a battle between environmental activists and the Russian Government. Currently, Shell is facing a mess of market and non-market issues with their Arctic exploration, ranging from dropping profits to safety and environmental concerns to NGO’s who want the Arctic to have the same status as the Antarctic to geopolitical issues with

Air Pollution and Climate Change in Tanzania

1169 words - 5 pages more commonplace than what they experience today. The effects of climate change have even been observed to shift the distribution of some of the country’s native plant and animal species. For the Tanzanian farmer, and roughly ninety percent of Tanzania’s population falls into this category, these changes mean a less productive and profitable harvest, and for some, migration to more suitable farmland in parts of the country where frequent flooding

Environment and Climate Change in Panama

1670 words - 7 pages Environment and Climate Change in Panama Home to vast tropical rainforests, an immense variety of animal and plant species and the seaway that connects the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, Panama relies heavily on all these resources for its economy. However, environmental challenges threaten the sustainability of these assets and therefore create a significant problem for the country. This paper will

Climate Change and Air Pollution in Australia

1215 words - 5 pages Climate Change and Air Pollution in Australia Air Pollution Fortunately for Alice Springs and much of the Northern Territory, its remote location and low population density mean that the city is not a large source of air pollution. In fact, in a report issued by the Northern Territory Minister of Infrastructure, Planning, and Environment, it is said that while doing testing for the National Environmental Protection

The Effects of CO2 in Climate Change

1897 words - 8 pages considered one of the most significant threats facing the world today, there are many groups doing what they can to assist in slowing the climate change process or potentially halt it all together. This process, however, can be challenging as there are issues that stand as barriers that we as nations and world citizens need to work on together to change (The global climate, 2013). There are many different aspects to the global climate change which pose

Similar Essays

Relationship Between Urbanisation And Climate Change

1715 words - 7 pages 6 Bibliography 6 Acknowledgement 7 Association between Climate Change and Urbanisation Introduction Urbanisation refers to the physical progression of urban areas. It results in the migration of rural population to the aforementioned metropolitan areas. People get attracted from the countryside to cities to work for corporal industries. The usual

Relationship Between Cultural Change And The Environment

972 words - 4 pages Relationship between Cultural Change and the Environment The association between culture and human technologies is central to the issue of today’s worldwide environmental degradation. This relationship is often viewed as quite simple: as a culture develops, needs arise and are met by new technologies. The culture is then transformed by the effects the technologies have on the people’s way of life. It seems logical that new technology would

Research Proposal: The Relationship Between School Climate And Students Achievement

1667 words - 7 pages school climate reform as an essential component of academic improvement, National school Climate council, (2013). Educational research has consistently showed that there is a relationship between the positive school climate and academic achievement. However, what these researchers failed to highlight was the deviation of the home and school environment. Therefore, my research will also delve into the home environment and to show how a change in

Marx's Account Of The Relationship Between Technological And Political Change

1624 words - 6 pages Marx's Account of the Relationship Between Technological and Political Change "The windmill will give you a society with the feudal lord, the steam mill a society with the industrial capitalist.[1]" This quote, from Marx’s Poverty of Philosophy, shows us that there is a link in Marx’s writing between technological change, or the methods of production, and political change, or the structure of society. One of the most