“Men and women’s roles have changed so much that there is no longer any difference.”
The relationship that exists between gender and sex has been the root cause of global gender
movements and issues that exists in the contemporary world. The representation of masculinity
and femininity is humanly constructed and sets the stage for social expectation. Social institutions
are designed to cater for the desired gender role that is based on the foundations of traditional
social norms. Norms change over time and space and are influenced by the cultural and social
environment and movements. The theory of gender and its relation to sex, power, femininity and
masculinity are detailed first followed by two case studies that prove gender inequality and gender
construction in an organized context.
The concept of gender refers to the assigned roles that are compatible to an individual’s biological
sex. They comprise of full filling the ideologies and attitudes that are demonstrated by a male or
female. It is the “genetic characteristics that make a child biologically a girl also contribute
significantly to making her feminine and boys are given their masculine traits” (O’Sullivan, p4).
In emphasizing the gender theory it has evolved into a social phenomenon “gender is what we
think of as normally masculine or feminine” (O’Sullivan, p4).
The theory of sex,is determined by the biological formation of a human being, the word sex refers
“to the collection of biological features that result in female and male” (O’Sullivan, p2). The cultural
and social interactions often impact the representation of sex by way of allowing this concept to
create gender roles.
Feminist movements are established on the basis of creating equality amongst the assigning
process of gender roles. The issue of discrimination within the establishments of gender allocation
has been controversial and excruciating. Sex differences are apparent though the means in which
it’s applied to social norms are abnormal and humanly created, therefore it can be changed. “There
are no ‘natural’ differences between men and women; all such differences are socially created,
hence artificial, and would vanish in a society with equality between men and women” (Hakim,
Power, as Michael Foucault states is a function which operates unnoticeably within social
institutions and directly impacts social expectations. The assigned gender roles are fundamental to
adherence as it determines an individual’s acceptance in society or risk being an outcast. Michael
Foucault’s theory on power is that “if you do not behave within a gendered norm, then you may be
seen as an outcast. The unfortunate truth is that historically (and even today) men and women who
failed to meet these norms were the victims of abuse even violence” (Arvantikas, J p74).
Case studies have been provided to...