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Relationship Between The United States And The Soviet Union: Five Significant Meetings Between The Giants.

1552 words - 7 pages

Despite the unsuccessful past during the Cold War years between the United States and the Soviet Union, President Ronald Reagan and his counterpart the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev during the 1980s should have focused on bright future by reducing the nuclear arms, because having a partnership, friendship and the common goal will move two nations toward success. On 1985, in an effort to improve the international situation, the United States and the Soviet Union have decided to hold a meeting in Switzerland, Geneva. It was a first official meeting between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, to discuss reductions in nuclear weapons and talk about future partnerships. Geneva Summit led on to four further meetings in 1986 Reykjavik, in 1987 in Washington, Moscow in 1988, and the last one in New York Harbour in 1988.
Yet by the end of his second term, Ronald Reagan has decided to change his view on the Evil Empire and to have a fresh start. President Reagan has never supported communism, he was even the leader who was leading the anti-communist movement worldwide. From the beginning of his presidency, Reagan had an enormous distrust on the Soviet Union. In 1983, in one of his famous presidential speeches, he denounced the Soviet Union as an ‘evil empire’, in fact ‘the focus of evil in the modern world’. After long term of unpleasant relations two great powers have decided to move forward with the current days issues like reduction of nuclear weapons. During the cold war nuclear weapon was the index of power and the means of deterrence, the more nuclear weapons the country had, the more powerful he was. Nuclear Arms production brought to the Nuclear Arms race, which was a race between the U.S.S.R and the U.S. Both of superpowers have decided to produce nuclear weapons, which lead to disaster. Production of such a powerful weapon has had a big impact on environment, and it may cause other negative effects. Through the Geneva Summit, both sides have decided that nuclear war is unacceptable, and there cannot be a winner in Nuclear Arms Race. Mikhail Gorbachev has proposed the idea that each side should reduce nuclear arms production by specific amount, and President Ronald Reagan found his counterpart’s proposal agreeable. Overall, Geneva Summit was an auspicious start to new relations; “The fresh start the president wanted had become a reality in Geneva, not least because the two leaders had come to like and respect each other.” said the U.S Secretary of State George Shultz about the Geneva summit. Not many important agreements made by the leaders, but a lot of personal talk have happened between Gorbachev and Reagan, and what really mattered was that the two leaders establish a relationship with each other. Private talks between superpowers led to improvement of relations and to another summit in Reykjavík, Iceland which later called the Reykjavík Summit of 1986.
Reducing the nuclear production...

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