Relationships Quality And Personality Types Essay

1106 words - 4 pages

The article I read, detailed the research into relationships and the personality types of the people in those relationships. The study paid particular attention to perfectionist personalities that were either “adaptive” or “maladaptive”, the former meaning non-productive and or inadequate for adaptation. “Maladaptive perfectionists characteristically tend to evaluate their performance as consistently failing to meet these standards [for personal performance](Ashby, Kutchins, and Rice 2008)”. The researchers continued off of past studies into the relationship between personality type and relationship quality. The main question trying to be answered by the researchers was if perfectionist standards, adaptive or maladaptive, had any effect on relationships.
Previous studies into perfectionist personalities detailed negative impact in the lives of maladaptive perfectionists. Distinguishing maladaptive from adaptive perfectionism, maladaptive perfectionists differ “by their excessive concerns about making mistakes and living up to the expectations of others, self-doubt(Rice and Ashby 2007)” and have issues with “self-esteem, locus of control, depression, anxiety, life satisfaction, and general psychological distress(Mobley, Slaney and Rice 2005)(Grzegorek, Slaney, Franze, and Rice 2004)”. Maladaptivity relates to the inability to be okay with failure of living up to their standards. In a separate survey on college level perfectionists, more than half of those asked about the effects of their perfectionism, said that relationships were most affected. A related researcher noted that the reason perfectionists have troubled relationships is due to their tendency to react harshly to criticism, “tendency to withdraw, so their potential imperfections are never disclosed, and they apply their perfectionistic standards to others are are inevitably disappointed (Burns 1980)”. Moving toward adaptive and maladaptive differences, another study found that among some later teenage and early twenties aged people, that maladaptive perfectionists had more “insecure attachment and less interpersonal connection with others” and adaptive perfectionists had “more secure orientations and greater social connection (Rice, Lopez, Vergara 2005)”. This could be due to their ease of letting go of small quarrels and imperfections, though they may still hold high standards.
Changing to the study at hand, the researchers attempted to build upon the evidence previously mentioned in an attempt to find data focused on older couples more committed to each other, as well as cross check multiple areas of perfectionistic qualities. Also the study could “help clarify some potential personality early warning signs of portendal marital difficulty (Ashby, Kutchins, and Rice 2008)”. The hypothesis was that maladaptive personalities would be related to weaker relationship quality, and that adaptive perfectionists would have better relationship quality due to their ability to adapt to...

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