The territorial systems more virtuous, as a result of a strong association between the productive and the socio-institutional components, highlight a remarkable ability to persistence and sustainability, even in a scenario increasingly globalized and competitive. The same is true in the food industry where the presence of multinational companies is indicated alternating with a multiplicity of small businesses territorially organized in agro-industrial districts (Iacoponi, 1990; Brunori, 1999).
The copious literature on the subject has explained the persistence of local systems of small and medium enterprises with the action of atmospheric phenomena, according to research by Marshall. This benefits the organizational flexibility of local firms, the rapid circulation of information and the significant reduction of transaction costs.
The range of economic policies has not neglected these dimensions: the neo-institutional perspective of local development (Amin, Thrift, 1994) proposes ascendant policy approaches, or bottom-up, in which the responsibility of territorial development is totally assigned to local subjects, according to EU guidelines.
The debate on local production systems is currently open: in this regard, the literature highlights the role of the performance of agrifood districts (Fanfani and Brasili, 2011, Becattini,1990), the dynamics of local consumption (Crevoisier, 2013), the actual replicability of the model but not limited to agrifood districts, but also of consumption (see for example the gastronomic districts evaluated by Bonnard, 2013).
The rural development policy of the European Union is an illuminating example of this type of approach: the available resources operate on two essential dimensions of rural development: the sectorial dimension, through interventions on the competitiveness of agricultural sector, and the territorial dimension, through the promotion of a model endogenous and integrated of development (De Castro et al., 2011;...