Reliability And Convergent Validity Of The Cleanliness Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Scale

691 words - 3 pages

Background and Rationale
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a psychiatric disorder, formulated of unwanted and repeated thoughts leading to extreme and obsessive behavior to avoid those thoughts. People who have OCD will never be satisfied regarding their cleanliness, always thinking they are not clean enough. Antidepressants are used as a common medication for this disorder.
Although patients usually wait for years before they seek medical help, they deny at first that they have problem. It may be the most debilitating anxiety disorder. Patients could have it in early adulthood or late adolescence; they can develop it at any age – even in childhood.
Frequent cleaning and washing are the most common and recognized symptoms in the obsessive-compulsive cleanliness disorder. People who have OCD are trying, by way of extreme cleaning acts or avoiding touch things directly, to avoid harm, illness and contamination: for example, they avoid touching door knobs without a napkin, and engage in extreme hand washing. It is also common to see people with OCD have raw skin, avoiding shaking hands, and refusing to use public phones or toilets because of the possibility of contamination.

To date there are health care professionals who suffer from cleanliness OCD because of dealing with different types of patients with different types of transmitted diseases. In this assignment the Padua Inventory – Washington State University Revision is translated into Arabic and modified.

Modification and translation (face validity)
The Head Section Of Psychiatry ,Dr. Abdullah AlOtaibi Psychiatry Consultant in King Faisal specialist hospital in Saudi Arabia, and Dr. Nahed Balalaa General Surgery Specialist in Mafraq Hospital in Abu Dhabi, reviewed the Padua Inventory – Washington State University Revision scale and made some changes to make it easier for the responder and not confusing to measure one construct. The translation was reviewed by a bilingual (English and Arabic) interpreter in King Faisal Hospital Ms. Nouf AlAjmi and the Arabic scale was considered to have excellent face validity.

Test Re-Test Reliability
The Arabic ODC cleanliness scale questionnaire was...

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