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Religion And Conflicts: The Future Of Kashmir

2874 words - 11 pages

The spreading of religion has been the catalyst of numerous conflicts in world history, and in the past several decades it has been occurring in a land known as Kashmir. This territory, located in Central Asia, sits between India, Pakistan and China, and is known for its beauty and strife, all stemming from religious and cultural differences. In 1948, Mahatma Gandhi, a freedom fighter for Indian nationalism, was terrified at the possibility of war, and delivered a famous speech at a prayer meeting, as he said, “Pakistan is being requested to get out of Kashmir and to arrive at a settlement with India over the question through bilateral negotiations. If no settlement can be reached in this way then a war is inevitable.” Unfortunately, to this day, no settlement has been reached, and the predicted war has occurred. Although the tensions in the region have been growing recently, this is not a new problem.
Hindus of India and Muslims of Pakistan have fought for land and power over the centuries, as each culture has attempted to spread their beliefs. This has led to India and Pakistan violently attempting to take control of the Kashmir region to reap the benefits of its vital resources. The conflict between these two countries has been tense since the Partition of British India in 1947, creating an independent India. As borders were determined, the Muslim and Hindu region of Kashmir was an area that India and Pakistan both wanted to control, making it nearly impossible to come to a peaceful solution. The situation has carried over to present day, as people struggle to survive in a war that should not be fought. In modern society, there should be a way to solve the issue, but the situation continues to become more complex with increasing Chinese imperialism. As China continues to become the preeminent power in Asia, it has attempted to take control in this region, as it also shares a border with Kashmir. While there are many ways for the situation to pan out, there is only one outcome that could lead to long-term order in the territory. Kashmir must become an independent state and separate from India and Pakistan, if it hopes to create peace and end the constant threat of danger that rains over the land. This is due to its ethnic diversity in the region, distinguishing it from surrounding areas, the deep-rooted and violent conflict between Pakistan and India, in which nobody is willing to surrender, the stable history of Kashmir as an independent state before invasions from surrounding nations, and the potential to create a stable, well-functioning economy.

Kashmir is a very ethnically diverse society, which has the opportunity to become the first state in the region to accept a multitude of values and beliefs, transforming the discrimination between religions that has occurred in southern Asia throughout the past centuries. While the majority of Northern Kashmir is Muslim, the southern areas contain a large population of Hindu and Buddhist...

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