The general assumption with people is that science and religion, or faith and reason, are stuck in an infinite war against each other. Someone must choose to be a person of thought, reason, and science, or choose to embrace religion, scripture, and faith alone. If this is true, then someone who is with the Roman Catholic Church rejects science with all of its theories, and if one embraces science, then one rejects the Church and all of her teachings. Despite this general idea that faith and science cannot coexist, there are many beliefs and people that prove that it can and does coexist. The Roman Catholic Church is a prime example of the successful coexistence between religion and science, for it has dealt with, and contributed to science for over 2,000 years.
Ironically, Catholics are many among the most famous scientists of all time, such as:
Blaise Pascal, inventor of the adding machine, hydraulic press, and the mathematical theory of probabilities; Gregor Mendel, Augustinian priest who founded modern genetics; Rene Descartes, who discovered analytic geometry and the laws of refraction; Louis Pasteur, founder of microbiology and creator of the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax; and cleric Nicolaas Copernicus, who first developed scientifically the view that the earth rotated around the sun.
Surprisingly, Jesuit priests in particular have a history of contributing to science; they:
contributed to the development of pendulum clocks, pantographs, barometers, reflecting telescopes and microscopes, to scientific fields as various as magnetism, optics and electricity. They observed, in some cases before anyone else, the colored bands on Jupiter's surface, the Andromeda nebula and Saturn's rings. They theorized about the circulation of the blood, the theoretical possibility of flight, the way the moon affected the tides, and the wave-like nature of light. Star maps of the southern hemisphere, symbolic logic, flood-control measures on the Po and Adige rivers, introducing plus and minus signs into Italian mathematics — all were typical Jesuit achievements, and scientists as influential as Fermat, Huygens, Leibniz and Newton were not alone in counting Jesuits among their most prized correspondents. (Kaczor)
The "Big Bang Theory" which is a theory of the origin of the universe was thought of by Georges Lemaitre, a Roman Catholic priest and Belgian physicist. In the past years, multiple Catholic scientist have been Nobel Prize winners in fields such as: Physics, Medicine, and Physiology. Can the achievements of so many Catholics scientist be reconciled with the idea that the Catholic Church opposes scientific knowledge and progress? Someone might try to say that such distinguished Catholic scientists are rare individuals who just so happened to disagree with and go against the teachings and dogmas of the Church, which lets not forget "opposes" science. However, the Catholic Church, “funds, sponsors, and...