Over the years, society has come to evolve and progressively become more efficient as society’s viewpoints and perspectives on various aspects of life have also changed. However, the one aspect of life that has stayed constant has been religion. The impact of a constant religious opinion on a changing society has detrimental and benign effects on the populace of such a society.
Religion was partly created in an effort to answer the questions that couldn’t be answered in any other way; to provide an explanation for the unexplainable. Each religion in turn has it’s own version of a higher being in which to believe. Giving this higher being a name or title such as “God” implies that it is a person rather an entity. Bhikhu Parekh (2001) states how “for Gandhi, Truth and cosmic spirit was beyond all qualities including moral. As he put it…‘beyond the personal God there is a Formless Essence which our reason cannot comprehend’. Although the cosmic power was without qualities including personality, Gandhi argued that human beings often found it difficult to avoid personalizing it” (p. 36). This personalization makes it easier for people to depend on the entity they believe in for everything. Parekh (2001) also declares that Gandhi believed that if “the individual were to shed the illusion of particularity and selfhood and become a transparent medium of cosmic spirit, he would be able to mobilize enormous spiritual energy within himself and exercise great moral and spiritual power over his fellow men” (p. 56). In order to find peace and become a moral compass one had to find the peaceful and calm energy that is said to have surrounded the gods.
As time has progressed, a divide has been created between scientists and those who strongly believe in their faith while new scientific theories have come to light. Religion is a matter of faith and believing that a higher being has created everything, and just as these religions explain the creation of the earth and mankind, so does science. Though there is greater evidence supporting the evolution of humankind and the big bang theory than there is that supports a higher being creating man and woman, day and night, religious beliefs have stayed strong through the presence of religious practices and the passing down of these beliefs unto one’s children. The question still remains though, can we believe in one or are we forced to chose between what can be proven and what relies on faith alone?
There have been multiple attempts to intertwine the teachings of religion and science so that both could peacefully co-exist. The first scholar of science-and-religion, Ian Barbour, tried to relate the two in an analysis that came about in 1988 where he stated that there are four ways in which the two relate (Giberson, 2011). His studies, however, were greatly criticized by many others. Each attempt has failed as many have seen that the divide between the two is too great to be able to relinquish. One of the greatest...