This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Religion As A Threat To Vaccination

1373 words - 5 pages

Since the debut of vaccines, global health has improved as diseases become less common and, in some cases, eradicated. “Herd immunity,” the overall immunity established when a significant proportion of a community is immune to a disease, can be reached through widespread vaccination. The result of herd immunity is an extreme reduction of disease prevalence (Fine, Eames, & Heymann, 2011). Current herd immunity saves forty-two thousand lives and fourteen billion dollars in the United States each year in direct medical costs alone (Buttenheim, Jones, & Baras, 2012).
Reaching the threshold number of individuals needed in order to achieve herd immunity has generally been a nonissue for countries. However, smaller scale communities sometimes struggle to reach thresholds due to larger magnitudes of unvaccinated individuals. Individuals may not be vaccinated because of age, medical issues, or personal objections. Such objections can have many roots, including philosophical, moral, personal, and religious reluctance. Imdad et al. (2013) indicated that throughout the United States, that while regulations for vaccination exemptions are determined on state-by-state basis, the overall rate of exemptions for mandatory vaccinations granted on religious grounds has risen in recent years, when previously the rate of such exemptions remained constant.
Individuals with religious exemptions for vaccinations not only are at a greater risk for contracting vaccine-preventable diseases, but also elevate the risk for others. Individuals who cannot be vaccinated because of medical conditions or age are at greater risk because of the religiously exempt, who can become infected and transmit disease them. Even vaccinated individuals are at greater risk for contracting vaccine-preventable diseases (Imdad et al., 2013). Vaccinations cannot provide 100-percent immunity against diseases, leaving a possibility for infection even among the vaccinated (Buttenheim, Jones, & Baras, 2012).
As people with similar beliefs tend to group together, clusters of unvaccinated individuals form (Buttenheim, Jones, & Baras, 2012). Ruijs et al. (2011) remark that, especially in rural areas, social norms can greatly affect personal decisions for or against vaccination. In Holland, Ruijs et al. (2011) determined that Orthodox Protestants influence surrounding community members to reject vaccinations, even in cases when the individuals are not Orthodox Protestants themselves. Parents who feel that vaccines are unacceptable are likely to live together and their children to attend the same schools, such that the exemption rate for the region would be higher than average (Buttenheim, Jones, & Baras, 2012). The higher the exemption rate, the more threatened a community’s herd immunity is. Imdad et al. (2013) and Buttenheim, Jones, and Baras (2012) demonstrate domestically, and Grabenstein (2013) and Ruijs et al. (2011) demonstrate internationally, that the higher the rates of...

Find Another Essay On Religion as a Threat to Vaccination

A Dangerous Threat To Antarctica Essay

699 words - 3 pages is the coldest, driest, and most inhospitable continent on Earth. Yet it is yields some 90 percent of the Earth most precious natural resource: water. But behind this pristine exterior, Antarctica is fighting a losing battle. New data suggests that the continent as a whole is warming at an alarming rate. According to recent studies gathered from Nature Magazine, the western half of the continent is warming five times faster than any other place

Urbanization & Habitat Loss in the Fraser Valley as a Threat to Biodiversity

2427 words - 10 pages humans, are “spawning habitat for 66% of the wild coho salmon in the Fraser River system” (Austin, et al. p. 43), and its preservation is critical for the species. As we have seen, increasing urbanization and the resulting habitat loss is considered to be the greatest threat to biodiversity (Fetene et al., p. 52). In Harding’s book Biodiversity in British Columbia, he quotes that “urban areas are synonymous with a loss of biodiversity (Murphy, 1988

Hinduism as a religion

1539 words - 6 pages Hinduism is the name given to one of the most ancient religion practices in India. Vedanta is the true name of this religion. When British rule began to populate India this ancient religion evolved into what is known today as Hinduism. Hinduism constitutes an extremely intricate religion upon which a single definition cannot be composed. The premier feature of this religion is the huge difference of beliefs and rituals among its

Confucianism as a religion

1089 words - 5 pages , which has two meanings. The first is the proper etiquette (especially in social situations) and also brings back the idea of ancestor worship. The last two virtues are zhi, which is wisdom and xin, which is fidelity and integrity. It would be difficult to look upon these ideals in Confucianism and be able to relate them to ideals and virtues in other religions. Confucianism can easily be thought of as a religion because of the ideas that were

Religion as a Conservative Force

1653 words - 7 pages Religion as a Conservative Force ‘Conservative forces’ in this context can be defined as forces, which protect the existing social order, and radical forces being the opposite of conservative forces are those, which promote change. ‘’ Religion is essentially a conservative force in society and if that is true than it would also be true that religion can also play a part in social change.’ To evaluate

Religious Cults - A Threat to Society?

1884 words - 8 pages Religious Cults - A Threat to Society? On November 18, 1978, in a cleared-out patch of the Guyanese jungle, Reverend Jim Jones ordered the 911 members of his flock to kill themselves by drinking a cyanide potion, and they did. It seems cultists were brainwashed by this megalomaniac Jones, who had named their jungle village after himself and held them as virtual slaves, if not living zombies. Jones himself was found dead. He'd shot himself in

National Debt, A Threat To National Security?

710 words - 3 pages affects the military’s ability to rapidly respond to multiple global crises. Concerns about national debt were the catalyst for sequestration, but I don’t view the national debt as the single most important threat to our National Security. As a large holder of US securities, China could decide to sell a large share of the US Treasury Bonds, resulting in a domino effect of other countries holding US securities to do the same. The rapid sell off

Plagiarism - A Severe Threat to the Society

1161 words - 5 pages statistics show not only a problem with student plagiarizing, but also an underlying problem of the failure to recognize it as a severe threat to the future development of today’s society. In order for society to continue to grow and prosper in technology, educators and employers alike must realize that plagiarism is indeed a genuine concern and as a result, must be dealt with in a more severe matter to encourage individualism. Often the threat of

Web Fingerprinting: A New Threat to Privacy

918 words - 4 pages Web sites are combining peripheral characteristics from a computer’s configuration to build a profile of a device. Therefore web browsers are exposed to PC fingerprinting. By implementing this method, it is possible to associate the user’s activity within different times and different websites (Peter Eckersley). Innovation inevitably grows alongside cyber crime. Browser fingerprinting could be perceived as an improvement to e-commerce

A Threat To Wildlife And Bio-Diversity

2525 words - 10 pages A Threat To Wildlife And Bio-Diversity Thesis Statement: The acceleration and diversification of human induced disturbances upon natural ecosystems during the past decades has contributed to wildlife habitat fragmentation. The changes in land use have driven wildlife managers to reconsider the benefits previously attributed to the Edge Effects on wildlife diversity. Habitat fragmentation has been recognized as a major threat to the

Hydraulic Fracturing: A Possible Threat to the

2089 words - 9 pages energy industry as people are claiming that it poses a threat to the environment and to peoples’ health. Over the years, studies have supported a safety record of hydraulic fracturing that is nearly flawless and that rebuke the claims by environmentalists that it is a harmful process (Anthony, 2010). While hydraulic fracturing looks potentially hazardous on paper, the boost to the economy and the low environmental footprint it actually has make it a

Similar Essays

Puritanism As A Threat To Church And State 1558 1603

972 words - 4 pages Puritanism as a Threat to Church and State 1558-1603 In order to answer the question, one must firstly ascertain what actually constituted a Puritan. The name Puritan was actually a kind of slur; it was a label to abuse those who were into the repression of certain indulgences of the period. Such a term must therefore be handled with care, Puritanism was not a unified movement, there were different sects in amongst them

Why Is Islam Perceived As A Threat To The West? What Justification Is There In Viewing Islam As A Political Threat To The West?

986 words - 4 pages To the majority of people in the western world, Islam is seen as a 'different' religion, although some people often come into contact with Muslim men and women, they fail and in some cases don't care to, understand it. Because of this, a lot of people's perception of Islam comes from the standpoint of ignorance and they treat Muslims and Islamic issues accordingly.One of the reasons that people have an in-built prejudice to Islam is because of

Bullying: A Threat To Society Essay

1293 words - 5 pages Bullying is an issue that is a problem in society today. Bullying is any kind of unwanted behavior to an individual on repeated occasions which is a display of power over someone. Bullying is mainly common among students in school, and unfortunately, it happens in other places like at home between parents and children, and on rare occasions, among adults. When people began to identify bullying for what it is, it was only known as a

Overfishing: A Threat To Ecosystems Essay

1998 words - 8 pages populations have declined to the point where their survival as a species is threatened as well as the ecosystem they play a significant part in. Fishing of top predators, such as tuna and groupers, for instance, is dramatically changing marine communities. When these top predators are removed, the smaller marine species that they prey on, such as sardines and anchovies, become overly abundant (Bascompte 5443). Just like the example with the lobsters