Religion Comparison Essay

1108 words - 5 pages

Christianity is one of the most influential religions known to man. Starting in c. 4 BCE a structure was about to be formed with the birth of Jesus, which led to the creation of the Christianity after Jesus was crucified and resurrected. The religion is monotheistic meaning it follows one god, referred to as “God”. The structure of Christianity has three major branches which are the Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestants, each branch containing a number of subcategories. Christians follow the belief that there is only one true God, who exists as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit all in the same body. Christians also follow the belief that Jesus is God sent in form as a human ...view middle of the document...

These Three Jewels are the basis of structure for the Buddhist belief system. They are the Buddha, which refers to the highest spiritual awareness. Similar to the Hindus the dharma (Sanskrit for “the teaching”) is another one of the Buddhist Jewels, representing the teachings of Buddha and the path to Enlightenment. Although different meanings dharma collectively can represent a path of contentment or righteousness. Finally the Buddhist society holds a deep respect for their community, which is the Third Jewel. Termed Sangha (Sanskrit for “the community”), it refers to the community of practicing Buddhists. Buddhists hold to a teaching with the goal of “nirvana” which is the final state the soul can reach through its different lifetimes. Nirvana is a state in which nothing is desired, at which point rebirth is unnecessary and the individual is considered a saint. Comparatively Christian heaven is the idea of having the desire for God fulfilled, complete happiness and endless joy. Contradicting this idea of complete happiness is the idea of complete lack of feeling or apathy (nirvana).
Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism are all various teachings of traditional Chinese culture. Taoism is the Teachings of Lao Tzu, while Confucianism is the Teachings of Kung Fu Tzu or Kong Fuzi. Confucianism is the teaching of respect for the social hierarchy as well as providing guidelines on the moral thought process of the individual. Confucius coined the idea that the afterlife is beyond the human capacity to understand, so doing what is right now is what should be concentrated on. The idea of respect towards others is an important concept of Confucianism. Taoism in comparison is a philosophy of inaction. Originating in China the idea of Taoism is that everything has a balance that can be achieved. The root of Taoism is the word Tao which means the path or principle. The Yin and Yang symbol, also known as a Tai Chi disk represents this balance. The followers of the Taoist teachings center around the term Te (or power), living simply, Chi (or breath), the determination of the cosmic energy, and finally Feng shui, which is a system to determine the flow of energy
Some of the various sacred texts that Christianity follow include the Bible, derived from the Latin word biblia...

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