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Religion In Ancient Societies Essay

828 words - 3 pages

According to the study of human culture, the human relatives (also known as hominids) date back to 100,000 years ago. What distinguished between the humans and animals were the uniquely human concept that humans can feel and think. One of those thoughts and feelings was about the sacred. Hominids looked up to something big but feared at the same time. Dating all the way back from the Paleolithic Era, religion has always taken a significant role in many societies such as Mesopotamians, Egyptians and the Greeks. The similarity of all three ancient societies was that it was a polytheistic religion but the differences were their centers, physical orientation of gods and the jobs of the divine right.
Centers were extraordinary sacred places, which was one of the functions that made up a civilization. It was a place where all the important things occurred. Centers were made up of expensive materials like stones, bricks, marbles etc. and always had a difficulty approach. The first center was built in Mesopotamia and they were called ziggurats. These religious buildings had a precinct on the outer layer with a center of power (who ever controlled the center, controlled the people). The ziggurat’s difficulty of approach was its extremely immense and tedious staircases. Egyptian’s centers were pyramids. Rulers spent many assets, slave and free labor and time to create this showpiece for funerals and religious ceremonies. These pyramid architectures stand hundreds of feet tall like The Pyramid of Giza, which stand taller than a skyscraper. Moving on to the Greeks, their centers were built on the summit of the acropolis. Marbled temples were built on top and it was a great source of defense.

About 50,000 years ago, Hominids worshipped animals because they were the way of life. Animals gave life to hominids because they were the only source of food in that era. Thus was believed to have an effect on the physical orientation of the gods later on. This is the second reason as to why each society’s religion was different. Mesopotamians perceived their gods as human beings with human emotions. The gods controlled everything that had to do with human existence especially weather. The geography of Mesopotamia caused a lot of unpredictable floods and droughts. This made Mesopotamians believe that their gods were very moody and also made them believe that the after life was dark, cold and cruel. The physical orientations of the Egyptian gods were all hybrids (half animal and half human). These gods were...

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