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Religion In Candide By Voltaire Essay

982 words - 4 pages

Every culture has almost a religion in the world. A religion is a collection of beliefs, views and cultural characteristics that completely reflects the culture and relate humanity. Religion continues to effect the people of any culture for a long time. In the books which they read, ın the places which they go or even ın their thoughts in which on their heads, religion is an important phenomenon for them. In world literature, there are many books which are written on this issue.One of the books is ‘Candide’. In this essay, we will analyse that how Voltaire’s portrait of religious figures is in ‘Candide’. In this book Voltaire portrays several religious groups and on these religious groups he ...view middle of the document...

Another religious figure in ‘Candide’ is the Catholics which Voltaire criticise. Catholicism was very common at these years in Europe as now it has been. At the same time, Reformation was born as an act and during the Reformation, the Catholics were very under pressure. In the novel, Catholicism is associated with hypocrisy and is composed of full of the hypocrites and hypocritical leaders. Catholics are beginning to be less pertinent as an important religion with the beginning of Protestant Reformation. Catholics are extremely criticised in ‘Candide’, beginning with Candide’s meet with the daughter of Pope. This is an important contradiction because for his entire life, Pope is supposed to be bachelor. For example, a church leader who is a Franciscan priest steals Cunegonde’s jewelleries and in the ‘Candide’, Catholics are extensively shown hypocrites and corrupt. Voltaire portrays the people who serving the Catholic Church to joke and to not take their pledges seriously since however they live, their life will be in misery.
The next religious figure that is mentioned in ‘Candide’ is Manicheans. In chapter twenty, Martin, a defeated scholar, who is believed by people who are evil and any effect of good is fleet and even no matter what appears, happiness is not real thing. Manicheans are the followers of the Persian sage Mani and believe that life is as a confict between the forces of light and dark. Hence, with this view, Martin has a complete opposite philosophical point of view of Pangloss and Candide. He believes that Gods has forsaken the world leaving it to be
consumed by evil and pain. Candide says to Martin that ‘At least you must admit that these people are happy. Until now, I have not found in the whole inhabited earth… anything but miserable people. But this girl and this monk, I’d be willing to bet, are very happy creatures. (pg 58) The Manicheans are...

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