This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Religion In South Aisa: Controversies Over Renunciation And Engagement

1408 words - 6 pages

Chao Sun 308912828
Topic: controversies over Renunciation and Engagement.There are two tendencies in South Asian religion. One is Engagement, which is to perform sacrifices and other rituals in order to prolong and achieve these worldly and other-worldly goals. The other tendency is Renunciation that is to withdraw from society and to attempt the liberation from the cycle of existences. These two tendencies opposed to each other, but have found a way how to live together in peace.According to engagement, life is radically and fundamentally suffering, due to the repeat of births and death. The goal of human existence, therefore, should be to transcend this restraint to the cycle of rebirth and to reach the total freedom and bliss. The religions participating this world view challenged the society-centered ritual religion of the earlier Vedic period. It is mainly talking about the value of responsible social engagement within the context of marriage and family. One passage of the Aitareya Brahmana shows the rejection of ascetic celibacy and the strong defense of marriage and procreation. Many literatures typically pay attention on the suffering someone causes his forefathers when he supposes a celibate life without leaving any descendants to continue his line. A story from Mahabharata talks about this principle:One day the sage Agastya finds his forefathers hanging upside down in a cave and discovers that they have been reduced to that miserable condition because of his decision to turn celibate without leaving any progeny to continue his line and to provide his forefathers with ritual offering.As Jaratkaru thought the earth devoted to a life of celibacy and asceticism. He says: "Come on, good man, take a wife and bear children!." He calls on people to engage in their society.In the early Upanisads we already find evidence of antiritual tendencies that supported celibate modes of life and advocated withdrawal from family and society. The inability of sacrifices to assure liberation from the cycle of rebirth is presented in this satirical dialogue below from the Mundaka Upanisad,Saying, "come, come!" the splendid offerings carry that sacrificer on the rays of the sun, praising him and saying sweet words to him: "This is your Brahma-world of merits and good acts."There are many kinds of renouncers who have arisen in Indian, such as the pre-eminent ones being the Buddhist bhikkhu and the Jaina mendicant. Here we mainly talk about the first one. Dumont makes two points in relation to the renouncer in Indian religions, which appear to be in tension, when it is not antithetical:On the one hand, caste society as totality is characterized by a hierarchy of values whose terms are dharma, artha and kama, which indicate duty, profit and pleasure, and by a system of relations between jati groups, each group's values being assumed in terms of the part it plays in relation to the organic society. Therefore in a caste society like this, there cannot be...

Find Another Essay On Religion in South Aisa: controversies over Renunciation and Engagement

How Racist attitudes in South Africa changed over time

2007 words - 8 pages “living in peace with the Khoikhoi was impossible, but killing them was barbarous and unchristian.” This gives us some insight into the earlier mindsets of the early Afrikaners, who are labelled as the antagonist in all South African narratives. Although it is true that their white superiority took over their early conscience, it is clear that they had good intentions in the early stages of their settlement. The Khoikhoi and Afrikaners had

The Main Controversies of Medieval Thought in the 12th and 13th Centuries

1212 words - 5 pages The Main Controversies of Medieval Thought in the 12th and 13th Centuries The twelfth and thirteenth centuries were a time of great controversy for medieval scholars. New systems of thought were being developed and implemented that challenged the accepted teachings of the church. Some fought to preserve tradition, others fought to destroy it, while still others sought to find a common ground between the two. The greatest controversy of

Ethical Controversies Involved in the Use of Germ-line and Somatic Gene Therapies

1559 words - 6 pages Ethical Controversies Involved in the Use of Germ-line and Somatic Gene Therapies Abstract There are many sides to the issue of using germ-line and somatic germ therapies. Many people argue that it should be stopped completely, whereas others argue that both germ therapies should continue for the benefit of all people. There are other arguments that lie somewhere in between. Most of the controversy is caused by germ-line gene therapy

Philosophy and Religion in Education

4093 words - 16 pages Philosophy and Religion in Education The education mission of the philosophy and religion department serves the general studies core and the major. The department takes seriously its obligation to introduce general studies students to philosophy and religion as humanities disciplines. All courses at the 100 and 200 level

Politics and religion in UK

1593 words - 6 pages greater political and economic integration.Inshort, religion as well as politics is characteristics in United Kingdom. They also affect the economic, culture and more aspects. That is the reason why religious and political identity plays an important role not only for UK but also for every country over the world.

Faith In Religion And Science

1151 words - 5 pages Since the dawn of mankind religion has been one of the most significant elements of a society’s social and cultural beliefs and actions. However, this trend has declined due to the general increase in knowledge regarding our the natural sciences. Where we had previously attributed something that we didn’t understand to the working of a higher power, is now replaced by a simple explanation offered by natural sciences. While advocates of

Religion and Politics in Tibet

4780 words - 19 pages equivalent footing.” This act was a step toward unifying religion and politics in Tibet. BSod-nams rGya-mtsho was actually the third incarnate of his lineage. It was common practice to maintain spiritual lineages like this in Tibet. For this reason, BSod-nams rGya-mtsho is considered the third Dalai Lama. Altan Khan, to maintain control over Tibet, made sure he had power over the selection of the successor. He subsequently named his

Conflicts and Religion in "Roselily"

672 words - 3 pages future would hold. A conflict that is being raised in her life is that she is soon to be married and facing a world that she knows nothing of. Roselily has some precautions about this marriage because of her religion difference with her future husband and her past experiences with men. The conflict presented in this story was not clearly resolved in the conclusion, because Roselily has extreme anxiety of what is going to happen in her future

Elephants in Religion and Culture

1115 words - 5 pages An elephant may seem to be a silly topic to be writing an honors thesis over. To a lot of people the elephant is a mammal they can only find at the zoo or in a circus. It is not something to be treasured and loved. It is a machine to move logs across the country or to fight wars. It is something to stare at in adoration and wonder. It is something they never touch. They might as well just be something of fairy tales and stories. The truth

Religion and Genocide in Bosnia

1122 words - 4 pages International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY) has charged over 160 people at The Hague since the end of the conflict. “In 2001, former-President Milosevic was captured, but he died in his cell in 2006.” The supreme commander of the Bosnian Serb forces, Radovan Karadzic, was captured in 2008 and is currently being tried for genocide charges. The latest person to be captured, Ratko Mladic, was found in May 2011 and was “charged with 11 counts

Symbolism and Marginalization in "South Park"

565 words - 2 pages discriminated against in this episode because they are never really mistreated, but they get mocked over and over again through the use of Timmy and Jimmy. This is best demonstrated during the cripple fight at the end of the episode. Timmy, an autistic 4th grade cripple in a wheel chair, and Jimmy, an ugly cripple on permanent crutches, beat the shit out of each other while the whole town of South Park just enjoys and watches. I think this

Similar Essays

Equal Engagement: In Marriage And Between Cultures

1696 words - 7 pages , which also highlights the tension between America and India. While Lalita descends the stairs, Darcy remains standing on a higher level; their disparity in height, enhanced by the low positioning of the camera, allegorically illustrates the towering of the American modernity over the Indian traditions, which sustains this hierarchical relationship. Therefore, equal engagement between Darcy and Lalita or between India and America can only be

Equal Engagement: In Marriage And Between Cultures

737 words - 3 pages consent. Although Mrs. Darcy is not present, Darcy, in part, has followed the Indian tradition of arranged marriage by asking Lalita’s Indian parents. His gesture proves that he now accepts and respect Indian traditions, a quality essential to achieving ultimately the equality in his marriage to Lalita and in engagement between America and India. The blissful expressions on Darcy’s face, when he finally embraces Lalita after receiving her parent’s

The Santería Religion And South Florida

640 words - 3 pages Santería is a newly recognized religion within the United States. Many Americans who practice more traditional religions, such as Catholicism, and Judaism, find the practice of Santeria very odd and quite obscure. The preponderance of our society feels that the practice of animal sacrifice, prevalent in Santeria, is immoral and possibly offensive. One reason for this reaction could be that there is a major lack of understanding of this religion

History Of Capital Punishment In America And Its Controversies

1119 words - 5 pages that were quick and less painful while the lower class was a slow and painful death. The English law only had eight crimes that were punishable by death. The eight crimes of the English law were treason, murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, burglary, arson, and theft. (Banner, 2002) In America the first settlers was English colonist that carried over their traditions of capital punishment from England. As the colonist settled up and down the east