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Religion (Isreal) Essay

2210 words - 9 pages

ReligionThere have been many famous Jews Moses, Jesus, Freud, and Einstein - they have all influenced the history and culture of mankind.The root of the Jews goes back some 4,000 years in history.The Jewish people are descendents of an ancient, Hebrew - speaking branch of the Semitic race. About 4,000 years ago, there forefather Abram emigrated from the thriving metropolis of Ur to Sumeria in Canaan. God said "I will assign this land to your offspring."(Genesis 11:31-12:7)He is called "Abram the Hebrew" at Genesis 14:13, later his name was changed to Abraham.(Genesis 17:4-6)Abraham had a son Isaac and Isaac had a son Jacob. Jacob's name was changed to Israel. (Gen 32:27-29) Israel had 12 ...view middle of the document...

--Genesis 22:15-18; 26:3-5; 28:13-15; Psalm 89:4, 5, 29, 30, 36, 37.To fulfill His promises to Abraham, God laid the foundation for a nation by setting up a special covenant with Abraham's descendants. This covenant was introduced through Moses, the great Hebrew leader. Who was Moses, and why is he so important to Jews? The Bible's Exodus account tells us that he was born in Egypt (1593 B.C.E.) to Israelite parents who were slaves in captivity along with the rest of Israel. He was the one "whom the LORD singled out" to lead His people to freedom in Canaan, the Promised Land. (Deuteronomy 6:23; 34:10) Moses fulfilled the vital role of mediator of the Law covenant given by God to Israel, in addition to being their prophet, judge, leader, and historian.--Exodus 2:1-3:22.*The Law that Israel accepted consisted of the Ten Words, or Commandments, and over 600 laws that amounted to a entire catalog of directions and guidance for daily conduct. It involved the mundane and the holy--the physical and the moral requirements as well as the worship of God.*A Nation With Priests, Prophets, and KingsWhile the nation of Israel was still in the desert and heading for the Promised Land, a priesthood was established in the line of Moses' brother, Aaron. A large portable tent, or tabernacle, became the center of Israelite worship and sacrifice. (Exodus, chapters 26-28) In time the nation of Israel arrived at the Promised Land, Canaan, and conquered it, as God had commanded. (Joshua 1:2-6) Eventually an earthly kingship was established, and in 1077 B.C.E., David, from the tribe of Judah, became king. With his rule, both the kingship and the priesthood were firmly established at a new national center, Jerusalem.--1 Samuel 8:7.After David's death, his son Solomon built a temple in Jerusalem, which replaced the tabernacle. Because God had made a covenant (or promise) with David for the kingship to remain in his line forever, it was understood that an anointed King, the Messiah, would one day come from David's line of descent. Prophecy indicated that through this Messianic King, or "seed," Israel and all the nations would enjoy perfect rulership. (Genesis 22:18, JP) This hope took root, and the Messianic nature of the Jewish religion became clearly crystallized.--2 Samuel 7:8-16; Psalm 72:1-20; Isaiah 11:1-10; Zechariah 9:9, 10.However, the Jews allowed themselves to be influenced by the religion of the Canaanites and other nations surrounding them. As a result, they dishonored their covenant relationship with God. To correct them and guide them back, God sent a series of prophets who bore his messages to the people. Thus, prophecy became another unique feature of the religion of the Jews and constitutes much of the Hebrew Scriptures. In fact, 18 books of the Hebrew Scriptures bear prophets' names.--Isaiah 1:4-17.Outstanding among such prophets were Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, all of whom warned of God's impending punishment of the nation for its idolatrous worship....

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