This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Religious Conflicts With The Iranian Government

1831 words - 8 pages

Religion and Government in Iran:
Government under the Constitution of 1979
Religious Conflicts with the Iranian Government

Preston Nelson
Religion and Politics
February 18, 2014

The middle-east has always been a hot zone for religious and political conflict but more specifically, Iran. Iran is an Islamic state where Islam is practiced within politics. The Constitution of 1979 runs off of the basis of Islamic Law. The population of Iran varies upon resources but they are all around the number of seventy million people. The country is 90 percent Shia Muslim and eight-percent Sunni Muslim.1 The rest of the country is made up of very small minority religions. The minority religions have very little influence in the country and are easily thrown around by the government and the majority Shia Muslims.
I am going to explain the government system at the national level and then how religion inter-mingles within it. The main ideas that will be tuned in on are: the legal basis and religion relationship, official religion, religious influence in the government, the government system, and what religious conflicts are in Iran today.

Government under the Constitution of 1979
The Islamic Republic of Iran was established in 1979 after the previous monarchy was overthrown. Today, Iran remains the only Muslim country to be run by clergy. 2 Ayotollah Ruhollah Khomeini established a government with a separation of powers but the ultimate power was given to the Supreme Leader (a religious scholar) or otherwise called the Faqih. The Supreme Leader is not a majority elected official but chose by the Assembly of Experts which consists of eighty-six Islamic Scholars which are elected by the people. These scholars are all clergymen that serve eight year terms.3
The Iranian government is a theocratic Republic which means that the government is ruled in the name of God. This means that Shi’ite Islam is not just the official religion but it creates the framework for the government.4 According to Güneş Murat Tezcür and Taghi̇ Azadarmaki̇ “The justification for clerical rule derives from clerical status as the interpreters of the divine law and guiders of the religious community during the occultation of the twelfth Ima of Shi’ism.”5 The Constitution of 1979 is based off of Islamic law and made Shia Islam the official religion.
The Islamic Republic of Iran has a three branch government: Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary. The Executive branch is headed by the president who is the second most powerful government official. The president is elected by a national majority vote and is limited to two four year terms, similar to the United States’ president. The Assembly of Experts evaluate the leader’s actions and meet with him annually to discuss his performance. The president can also be impeached by two thirds vote of the Majlis, or parliament.6
The Supreme Leader is the commander-in-chief of the military. He appoints all commanders in the armed forces. The Supreme...

Find Another Essay On Religious Conflicts with the Iranian Government

Conflicts with the Realism of Television

1357 words - 5 pages . It is about time that these topics are allowed to air on television because they show what is really going on in the world. It has been known for quite sometime that not everyone is intimate with people of the opposite sex, and that not everyone waits until marriage to lose their virginity. Knowing this, why should one try to pretend as if these values are still as important as they were once before and even practiced at all? The question that

State-Sponsored Terrorism: The Relationship between Hizballah and the Iranian Government

1721 words - 7 pages of terrorism to date (State Department, 2013). Iran supports several different terrorist organizations, including Hamas, Palestine Islamic Jihad, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command and Hizballah. Often times, Iran is involved in the planning and support of different terrorist attacks. Iran has most notably assisted the terrorist organization, Hizballah, with training, weapons and funding. The Iranian government has also

How money conflicts with the love of sport

2051 words - 8 pages 2002 the government of Philadelphia banned skateboarding and put in place a permanent police watch with a $300 fine, but this did not stop them (ushistory.org/love park). Professional skateboarder, Josh Kalis believes, "I think all those kids got a lot of heart. It just shows that love has true meaning to all these skaters, it's like they're fighting for a part of their life". Children and parents protested against the ban and a future

Relationship of Buddhism with the Tang Government

1134 words - 5 pages Relationship of Buddhism with the Tang Government Since the introduction of Buddhism into China, it was not well received by the population as its foreign beliefs clashed with pre-existent principals of Confucianism and Taoism. On top of that, it was alienated by the Confucianism-based government in the late Han Dynasty. All in all, Buddhism was not a common nor a popular religion throughout China at first. Nevertheless, this all changed

Native Americans And Treaties with the Government

3983 words - 16 pages the end, would lose. Living side by side was not a realistic option for there differences were too vast. Treaties were made and treaties were broken along with the line of trust between the Natives and the government, making a diplomatic solution impossible. The only reason that the government was able to push the Natives off their land was to exterminate the bison. The Native American conflict in textbooks is said to have started at King Philips

Relationship of Buddhism with the Tang Government

2069 words - 8 pages Since the introduction of Buddhism into China, it was not well received by the population as its foreign beliefs clashed with pre-existent principles of Confucianism and Taoism. On top of that, it was alienated by the Confucianism-based government in the late Han Dynasty. All in all, Buddhism was not a common nor a popular religion throughout China at first. Nevertheless, this all changed after the rise of the Tang Dynasty. There is no doubt

The Growing Power of the Government Even with The Constitution

1926 words - 8 pages The Growing Power of the Government Even with The Constitution Our flags have been raised from half-staff to full-staff since the terrorist attacks in the New York area and most of us Americans seem to be increasingly aware of our protecting freedoms. In 1787, our founding fathers created the greatest contract or agreement for freedom ever known to mankind. My "Brief American Pageant" history book lists two fundamental principles that

Formal Government Policies to Deal with the Slums of Egypt

1637 words - 7 pages demolition and relocating to other areas. The government initiated self-help ownership where it provided slum-dwellers with plots, services, technical assistance, and cheap materials, but only the middle class benefitted and subsides did not go to the entitled class (Hassan, 2011). As the numbers started swelling both solutions became futile; therefore, the government started relying on the slum-dwellers with partial assistance provided to encourage self

To what extent was the Pilgrimage of Grace a protest against the religious policies of Henry VIII's government?

2057 words - 8 pages about taxes could also be religious complaints about taxation. The pilgrimage was designed to show that things were "out of joint" (Fellows, September 2000, pg 24) and that the commonwealth was in need of being safeguarded. The Pilgrimage of Grace was due to religion, peacetime taxation, poor harvest, local loyalties and the wanting of distance from the central government. Yes the people were unhappy with these things and extremely unhappy with

The Effectiveness of the French Monarchs in Dealing with Religious Issues

1410 words - 6 pages keep heresy in check and by 1538 the government realised that the Parlement needed more powers to check heresy. They were then given all control over heresy jurisdiction. Despite all of this heresy was still spreading so the ecclesiastical authorities collaborated with the Parlement. The Vaudrois (a religious sect) from an early era showed interest in the reformation they adopted a new confession of faith. In Louis

With what success has the British Government tried to deal with the Irish Troubles since 1972?

2449 words - 10 pages The British government employed many different tactics trying to restore, maintain or create peace in Ireland and Northern Ireland since the deployment of British troops in 1969. These tactics have been of greatly varying success, with some achieving the goals of the British and some creating an even worse situation.The 1970’s did not begin well for Northern Ireland. The policy of Internment simply began a chain reaction of other violent

Similar Essays

What Were Some Conflicts Involved In The Iranian Revolution?

1138 words - 5 pages During the Iranian Revolution, there have been a lot of conflicts with other countries. I think that during this revolution period, the most conflicts involved are with The United States of America, and The Republic of Iraq. Compared to other countries, The US and Iraq interfered with the Iranian Revolution the most and they had played important roles in Iran’s history. The Islamic Republic of Iran and The Republic of Iraq disliked each other

The History Of Religious Conflicts In America

2223 words - 9 pages The History of Religious Conflicts in America Throughout its history, the United States has characteristically remained a country of two things: a country of immigrants, and a country of unmatched religious diversity. And yet when compared with the rest of the world – where these two very factors alone have so often engendered horrible religious wars and decades of enduring conflict – the history of religious conflict in the United States

Conflicts With The Middle East Essay

656 words - 3 pages to find a peaceful resolution to this long-lived issue. Innocent men, women, and children are being killed for the crimes of only a few. The next generation must learn to band together to efface the footprints of their ancestral conflicts. Young boys and girls must learn from mistakes from their past and work to create a new and better world. They are the only ones with the ability to be a better people and look for a solution that will benefit

Why The Bible Conflicts With Science

2297 words - 9 pages Why the Bible Conflicts with Science "I want to know how God created this world. I am not interested in this or that phenomenon, in the spectrum of this or that element. I want to know His thoughts; the rest are details." Albert Einstein Mr. Einstein was not the only one to wonder about such things. He would have asked penetrating questions and obviously the religious answers he got did not satisfy his inquiring