Religious Pluralism And Islam Essay

1813 words - 8 pages

The Shahadah, or testimony, is the first of the five pillars of Islam. In order to officially convert to Islam, it is required to recite the Shahadah three times, “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” This has been a practice within the Islamic faith for hundreds of years. Yet, even within the Islamic faith there are differing versions. Those who practice Shia Islam add, “and Ali is the friend of God” to the end of the Shahadah. This, among many other practices, is an example of the religious plurality that exists within the Islamic world. The Islamic world is home to a large and diversified religious community that, on the surface, seems homogenous in its religious practices. But many religious schools of jurisprudence, schools of theology, and other religious movements exist under the umbrella of Islam, these schools bring religious diversity to Islam that seek to meet the diverse needs and wants of the religious marketplace of the Islamic world. Though the United States is often used as the example to describe religious pluralism, there are many instances in the Islamic world that can even rival the plurality of the American religious market. The Muslim Brotherhood is a prime example of an Islamic organization that has become deeply entrenched in society. Through the extensive use of social services and extreme religious power, the Muslim Brotherhood has been able to enjoy a large membership base, devoted to their cause, and dedicated to its principles. Every year, many Muslims will embrace Sufi Islamic practices into their lives. The Islamic world is not an exception to the religious economies model and is, in fact, a very religiously diverse region of the world.
The religious economies model argues that high levels of religious practice are predicated upon high levels of religious pluralism within a society. This is based off of a supply and demand, or supply-side, argument that explains that in order to attract and retain members into their religious organization, clergy must find ways to set themselves apart from other firms, and offer a religious or spiritual benefit to their membership base that other firms cannot supply. Many nations in the Islamic world have placed severe restrictions on the practice of free-religion outside of the Islamic faith. Yet, despite such severe restrictions on religious practice, we see a very high level of religious participation and competition within the Islamic world.
A high religious diversity is largely dependent upon the religious competition between firms. The United States is a prime example of a competitive religious market with a high level of religious practice. Because there is little religious regulation, the religious economy will be very pluralistic. Religious firms are then faced with a competition dilemma, either the firm innovates and specializes, to meet the needs and tastes of various niches to win over a larger share of the religious market than their...

Find Another Essay On Religious Pluralism and Islam

Islam and Democracy: Mutually Exclusive? Essay

3548 words - 14 pages eternal and one that is temporal. Eternal Islam is the source of sacred principles upon which religious rulings are made. The religious rulings then become a part of temporal Islam, where religious knowledge, subject to various influences and contingent upon interpretative discourse, has manifested the divine will through human agency. Examining Islamic principles described by the sacred texts will underscore the inherent compatibility of Islam

Qur'an and Hadith Essay

1073 words - 4 pages thy veil, so thy sight is sharp this day." Qur'an 50: 22. This illustrates that the sacred life which is concealed from human being by reason of bits and pieces restrictions. This will be manifested during Resurrection when human discernment will be clearer and mask of material restrictions having been detached.References:Abdulaziz, S 2001 'The Islamic roots of democratic pluralism', Islam - 20th century, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 144-147.Esposito, L

Sufism in the United States: A Brief History and Discourse on the Degree of Alignment with Islam

1647 words - 7 pages elements in the tradition, and there continue to be voices in Islam that would deny the legitimacy and the pervasiveness of Sufism in Islamic culture” (Miller 1995). In fact a fatwa (an Islamic legal opinion) was delivered by Shaykh 'Abd al-Halim Mahmud, a former Shaykh al-Azhar, the chief religious authority in Egypt against Sufism in the 1970s. His main objection to Sufism was the attempt of practitioners to take on the qualities of God, which

The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State?

1722 words - 7 pages , religious brotherhoods and religiously symbolic clothing in public were banned (White, 2008). Non-religious legal codes were implemented, a new government-run educational system was put in place and women were strongly encouraged not to wear a veil in public (Toprak, 2005). Thus, religion was seemingly banned from politics and religious expression of Islam was limited to the private sphere. These drastic changes seem to confirm the secular

The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State?

1722 words - 7 pages , religious brotherhoods and religiously symbolic clothing in public were banned (White, 2008). Non-religious legal codes were implemented, a new government-run educational system was put in place and women were strongly encouraged not to wear a veil in public (Toprak, 2005). Thus, religion was seemingly banned from politics and religious expression of Islam was limited to the private sphere. These drastic changes seem to confirm the secular

Religious Food Taboos

1003 words - 4 pages For this essay, I read articles pertaining to religious food taboos, food in feasts and fasts, and an interview promoting religious pluralism. One article from eNotes.com discusses why certain foods may be taboo, such as unfavorable geographic conditions and societal differences, among others. I feel this will help me explain why some foods are sacred while others are forbidden. Another article on the same site discusses food in religious

essay 1

1016 words - 5 pages one particular religion or belief system is true. For example Islam began its history with an exclusivist attitude toward polytheist religions. As people “of the Book” believer in the oneness of God were given the status, conferring on them certain rights, including the rights to practice their religions openly. Pluralism is an appreciation of the diversity of Islam. It is also the believe to hold one's own faith and at the same time ask people of

The Availability of Protection for Rights

1194 words - 5 pages , Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, as well as 'new' faiths or beliefs such as Scientology.Two elements of the guarantee have come before the High Court. First, the Commonwealth cannot 'establish' a religion. This means that the Commonwealth cannot make a particular religion the national religion or provide special advantages to one or more faiths. However, the Court has held that the Commonwealth can provide funding to private and religious schools without

How Islam Came to South and Southeast Asia

1417 words - 6 pages more they had the connections with the Muslims, which created a way to them to know more about Islam and to compare with their own religion. “Traders of Islam were not only connected with the practical life, but they were also pious, which helped them to build connection between religion and the world.” (Pearson 58). As the Muslims traders were conscious both about their business as well as the religious life, it was easy for them to connect people

Islam The Straight Path

994 words - 4 pages their laws, beliefs, attitudes, values, and other religious responsibilities. I also found that Esposito writes with good academic intentions and writing on Islam from a western perspective. Esposito describes the realities of the Muslim world in their struggle to define their social, political, and economical identity. Although, he points that many of these ambitions are kept short due to lack of strong and faithful authorities in the Muslim

What Factors Allowed the Spread of Islam in Arabia Peninsula In pas

1604 words - 7 pages or do something and societies were patriarchal. Slavery and serfdom were also common. When Muhammad rose as prophet, he changed many things. He removed slavery and serfdom, united the tribes and raised the status of women (Hitti P30). At the time of Mohammad Islam spread entire the Arabia peninsula. The most important things that allowed the spread of Islam in Arabia peninsula were unique teaching, religious law, trade (route), battle and

Similar Essays

Political Islam In Indonesia. Essay

1998 words - 8 pages the Indonesian Constitution. Movements were made to ensure that the state and the constitution reflect Islamic aspirations of the Muslim majority in Indonesia, sparking debates about whether or not the Jakarta Charter should be part of the Constitution. These political religious strives are part of 'perjuangan ideologi Islam di Indonesia,' with the aim being for 'negara ideal mengikut konsepsi Islam' (an ideal nation based on and operating in

Ideal Vs. Reality: Religious Pluralism Vs. Religious Tolerance

1404 words - 6 pages America is full and rich with diverse people, religions and values; they make America great. Just look at Riverside, California, there are over fifty churches of different denominations of Christianity, three synagogues, two temples, and one mosque; all coinciding peacefully in the city (Yellow Pages). Because Riverside is so diverse, religious pluralism and religious tolerance are two steps in making Riverside more connected. The first step

Analyse The Complex Relationship Between Islam And Liberal Democracy.

2410 words - 10 pages reasons for it. Many scholars while trying to explain the rationale why the Muslim world is not successful in the development of pluralism, liberalism and other democratic values `have concluded that it must have something to do with culture, and more particularly with Islam.` (Kramer, 1993: 2) The results of the Freedom House report in 2005 identified three Muslim countries as free, 20 states as partly free and 23 as not free at all. (Freedom in the

Powerful Parallels And Deep Divides: Pluralism In The Poem Of The Cid And The Song Of Roland

1816 words - 7 pages reader is that The Poem of the Cid is very conscious of the pluralistic nature of religion in Spain and the complicated interplay of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam that occur as a result. Proof of this is evidenced by the Cid respecting and being friends with members of all three religions at various points, but The Song of Roland rejects any form of religious compromise. A most revealing character study on the issue of cultural pluralism in El