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Religious Scepticism About The 'teleological Argument'.

1920 words - 8 pages

Religion has always been a topic that has been discussed at great length. When people speak about Religion or Religious belief they are normally referring to the belief in the existence of God or gods. Religion does not necessarily mean a belief in God, people who dedicate their lives to a cause, such as the relief of human suffering, are said to be religious toward the ending of suffering. This essay is concerned with the justification of a religious belief in the existence of God. As most theistic religions (Christianity, Mohammedanism and Judaism) have the presupposition that a God exists, we have to ask the question: ?Does God exist?? Many different philosophers have responded to this question in various ways. There are various arguments that try to deal with the existence of God a few of these are 1) the ontological argument, 2) the cosmological argument, and 3) the teleological argument.The ontological argument is one which states that God is ?that being that which nothing greater can be conceived.? For him to be the greatest conceivable being he would need to exist to be the ?greatest?. The cosmological argument appears in varying forms, two of the main ones are the causal argument and the argument from dependency. Causal argument is that everything requires a cause or explanation this can only be explained by God. Whereas the argument from dependency argues that everything in the universe is a contingent being which depends on something else for its existence; when the line of dependency is traced back it can only lead to God who is said to be a ?self-existent? or nondependent being . The teleological argument is also know as the design argument; everything in nature is well suited for it use and must have been designed by some divine Creator, namely God. This essay is going to focus on the teleological argument showing a variety of different sceptical responses to this argument. This will attempt to show that what theistic religions believe about God?s omnipotence, omniscient and benevolence could be mistaken. Firstly by looking at the teleological argument in more detail and show that God might not be all powerful. Then illustrate the problems of evil that arise against the teleological argument and discus some of the responses.The teleological argument attempts to show that, by looking at the natural world around us, everything has been designed to perform a function in existence. At the heart of our solar system is a large ball of hydrogen and helium known as the sun. This great mass creates a gravity field which keep its nine satellites in orbit. One planet known as earth needs the light from the sun to provide a complex system of life. This system of life depends on the orbit that earth has around the sun, this can be claimed to be the work of a divine designer:?The universe, the argument begins, is orderly, and order is the result of design. The millions of stars in the heavens behave in an orderly manner, all exhibiting certain...

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