Religious Tradition Of Nirvana In Hinduism And Buddism

1547 words - 7 pages

The word "nirvana" is heard pretty often. For example, people might say they've achieved nirvana when they're really happy or they might talk about going to nirvana as an eternal reward after death. Then, of course, there’s the rock band who adopted the term Nirvana with a certain amount of irony. Furthermore, the word is fully imbedded in the modern vocabulary. But in reality, to most people in¬ the Western world, religious nirvana is a total mystery. Both known religious traditions Hinduism and Buddhism focus on liberation from the endless cycle of rebirth and death and the suffering that comes with that cycle – known as samsara. However, there are important distinctions in how the two ...view middle of the document...

They are as follows: Right views, Right intention, Right speech, Right action, Right livelihood, Right effort, Right mindedness, and Right contemplation.
On the surface, the Noble Eightfold Path ideals are incredibly vague and they're open to almost any interpretation. Buddhist sects view them differently, but generally follow the path by approaching the world with patience and joy, compassion, and contemplating the universe through meditation. The fundamental goals are to foster meditation (dhyana), morality (shila), and wisdom (prajna).
The Buddha traveled all over India and attracted many disciples. After Buddha’s death, 500 of his closest disciples formed a council and created a canon of Buddha’s words. It is believed that the physical appearance of a being has a direct connection to a person’s spiritual attainments. Nirvana is believed to be the final ending of suffering and is a state beyond the cycle of birth and death.
Buddhism’s liberation from samsara is known as "nirvana" which literally means "blowing out" or "extinction," like quenching a flame. In Buddhist teaching, humans are bound to samsara through the flames of anger, ignorance and desire. So when one attains nirvana, one quenches anger (which focuses on the past), ignorance (which focuses on the present) and desire (which focuses on the future). In Buddhism, humans escape life and death by quenching all the anger, ignorance and desire while the physical body may still be alive. This is why Buddhists speak of rebirth rather than reincarnation. Nirvana is essentially the extinction of time, and since life and death are assured with time, nirvana is the freedom from the life and death cycle. In each life, a soul is punished or rewarded based on its karma, or past actions, from the current life as well as earlier lives which also include the individual’s life as an animal. It's important to remember that the karma ideology goes off the basis that every action has an equal and opposite reaction. It happens of its own accord.
When you achieve nirvana, you've surpassed bad karma and have stopped accumulating it all together. You then spend the rest of your life and sometimes future lives trying to work the bad karma that you've already accumulated off. Once you have fully escaped the karmic cycle, you will achieve parinirvana, or final nirvana, in the afterlife. As with Hindu moksha, souls that have achieved parinirvana are free of samsara. Accordingly, the Buddha never specified what parinirvana was like, however, in Buddhist thought it is beyond normal human comprehension.
Buddhists who achieve nirvana on their own become Buddha, awakened ones which is different from the specific "the Buddha," who was incarnated as Siddhartha. Like the Buddha, other Buddha gain omniscience when they are enlightened. Buddhists who, with the help of a Buddha guide, achieve nirvana become people who are enlightened but not omniscient.
Although nirvana is possible for anyone, in most Buddhist sects...

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