"Religious Wars Of India" Looks At The Wars In Kashmir And Ayodhya Between India, Pakistan, And Afghanistan. It Is Written In An Argumentative Style With An Emphasis On New Compromises.

2336 words - 9 pages

Religious Wars of IndiaThe beginning of the new millennium has been a heart wrecking one for the peace loving people of the world. The year 2001 saw dispute, destruction, and death, all in the name of religion.As we usher in a new year with high hopes of peace, India and Pakistan are again on the brink of a war! Why are these two siblings always at loggerheads with each other? Is it because Pakistan is an Islamic nation and India predominantly a land of Hindus? No, the reasons are more political than religious!It's hard to imagine that Kashmir, one of the most beautiful places in South Asia, inhabited by a peaceful population, can become the bone of contention between the two countries. There is no doubt that Kashmir became a "disputed territory" only because arrogant politicians tried to divide the region on the basis of religion.Kashmir, a 222,236 sq km region in the northwestern Indian subcontinent, is surrounded by China in the northeast, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south, by Pakistan in the west, and by Afghanistan in the northwest. The region has been dubbed "disputed territory" between India and Pakistan since the partition of India in 1947. The southern and southeastern parts of the region make up the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir, while the northern and western parts are controlled by Pakistan. A border called the "Line of Control" (agreed to in 1972) divides the two parts. The eastern area of Kashmir comprising the northeastern part of the region (Aksai Chin) came under the control of China since 1962. The predominant religion in the Jammu area is Hinduism in the east and Islam in the west. Islam is also the main religion in the Kashmir valley and the Pakistan-controlled parts (Margolis 67-68).It may seem that the history and geography of Kashmir and the religious affiliations of its people present an ideal recipe for bitterness and animosity. But it is not so. The Hindus and Muslims of Kashmir have lived in harmony since the 13th century when Islam emerged as a major religion in Kashmir. The tradition of Kashmiri Hindus and way of life of Kashmiri Muslims not only co-existed, they complemented each other and also created a unique ethnicity in which Hindus and Muslims visited the same shrines and revered the same saints (Sharma 102-105).This all sounds wonderful. People should be able to relax in peace and harmony. The sanctity of religion plays a huge role. Religion teaches to "do unto others as you would have done to you." Religious wars are often attempts to obtain holy lands. But an educated person would accept that he or she could practice their religion in their own private quarters, or build shines and temples on land that is not disputable.Several Hindu sovereigns ruled the land until 1346, the year of the introduction of Muslim invaders. During this time, multitudes of Hindu shrines were destroyed, and Hindus were forced to embrace Islam. The Mughals ruled Kashmir from 1587 to 1752, a period of...

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