This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"Remeberings" By Pauline Wengeroff: Jewish Enlightenment In Russia.

1200 words - 5 pages

In Pauline Wengeroff's memoir, Rememberings, we see the effects of the Jewish Enlightenment on Russian culture. In each region that was a home to Jews in the early nineteenth century, Enlightenment took hold amongst portions of the Jewish population. One of the goals of the Enlightenment was to make Jews more cultured and to be more like their neighbors. Although many Christian habits were adopted, the root of these activities came from each specific local culture. The results of the more enlightened Jew differed in each area. The German enlightenment was different from the Russian enlightenment but the core ideas were the same. The Jews wished to be entirely accepted by the country they lived in and cease to be foreigners, so they began speaking Russian, attending the theatre, and pursuing a secular education. Wengeroff respects the broader education aspects of the enlightenment, but mourns the loss of key Jewish traditions, such as the Sabbath, and Talmud-study.Wengeroff describes a clear picture of her upbringing in her devoutly religious home. Every detail of religious law was meticulously obeyed, and the commandments of the Torah were practiced with great joy. Sabbath was a time of holiness where thoughts of Torah were discussed, and weekday matters did not permeate the sacred atmosphere. What might seem to the reader as a burden, Wengeroff sees as a joyous expression of Jewish identity. All Jews were bound together in a community observing God's laws and taking the pleasures granted to them; they didn't need to go out and participate in the secular culture. Jewish life was enjoyable just observing the Sabbath and all the holidays. There were Jewish holidays that were specifically set aside for merriment and inebriation. All the culture that a Jew could need was found within each individual community. The original "freethinkers", the precursor to the Enlightenment, in their violation of Jewish law as it was practiced, offended the core ideas of the Jewish community. "He was offending the basic idea of the Law of Moses-the responsibility of the individual to the community. After all, the entire people would have to atone for the sin of the individual." (Wengeroff, p.67)After Wengeroff moved into her in-laws' town, she was disturbed that the Sabbath was not held in the same esteem as it was in her home. Business was talked about at the Sabbath dinner, and certain laws were transgressed. Sabbath was seen more of a burden than it was the great joy that Wengeroff had grown up with. Russian newspapers and cultural events were discussed on the Sabbath instead of the Talmud and the Torah. Sabbath as she had known it did not exist. The Sabbath was not the bond that held the Jewish community together; they were now linked through foreign philosophies and ideas. Wengeroff no longer felt the tight sense of family and community when she sat down after synagogue to enjoy the Sabbath meal. A piece of her Jewish identity had been seized.Wengeroff views on...

Find Another Essay On "Remeberings" by Pauline Wengeroff: Jewish Enlightenment in Russia.

TOPIC: HOW MUSIC INFLUENCES AMERICAN SOCIETY “Music’s aide in humanity’s sail into enlightenment” Research Paper by Suheily M. Alvarez Music Appre

1048 words - 5 pages has helped not only american but other wordly movements alike. It is an essential part of the american economy, and it is a vital key in aspects of american life, and industries by the likes of film, musical theathre and so forth. I will conclude my point with this quote, “Music doesn't lie. If there is something to be changed in this world, then it can only happen through music.” (Hendrix) Bibliography Hendrix, J. (n.d

You are employed by a UK publisher to work with them on the launch of a magazine. The magazine is to be launched in Eastern Europe, including Russia and will be particularly targeted at the children’s...

2043 words - 8 pages Assignment Title You are employed by a marketing agency who has recently been asked by a UK publisher to work with them on the launch of a magazine. The magazine is to be launched in Eastern Europe, including Russia and will be particularly targeted at the children's market.You are required to produce a 2000 word report covering the following areas of concern:The company is aware that the landscape for global marketing is changing particularly

Discuss the transformation process of state owned enterprises (SOEs) in a transition economy. Illustrate by using a company you have researched in China, Vietnam or Russia

1085 words - 4 pages 1. Definition of State Owned Enterprise.State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) can be defined as nationalized corporations which are publicly owned by the state or government and usually exist in communist countries. In our case example, Anshan Iron and Steel Corporation in China, is the oldest and largest industrial base in the northeast Liaoning Province, had been losing money over the past couple of years after failing to get through the nationwide

Pauline Wengeroff

933 words - 4 pages details to omit. The first author in focus will be Pauline Wengeroff and her experiences as told in “Memoirs of a Grandmother”. Wengeroff delivers a unique perspective on the effects of the Jewish Enlightenment, or the haskalah, as the only nineteenth century Russian Jewish woman to record and publish her story. Though her memoirs are useful in characterizing the Jewish perspective of life, Wengeroff was raised in a fairly wealthy home, with both

How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution?

895 words - 4 pages choose and in cultural activities. Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786), a pioneer of the Jewish Enlightenment, was a German philosopher and author. He was a strong advocate of Jewish civil rights. He was born in Dessau, Germany. In 1750 he became a tutor to children and a silk merchants partner. In 1754 he became good friends with Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, a supporter of the Jewish Emancipation. Lessing published work by Mendelssohn and

The Zionist Movement in the Land of Israel: Political and Cultural

895 words - 4 pages societies so long as they remained stateless. Herzl was a strong proponent of enlightenment principles, and this was reflected in his approach to Zionism. He believed that all men were rational and would work for goals that they perceived to be in their best interests. He therefore assumed that European powers would support a Jewish national existence outside of Europe, as it would rid Europe of the “Jewish problem”. Moreover, despite the

Buddhism in America: Dharma Teacher Biography Project

891 words - 4 pages organization that Bernie Glassman uses to support the vision and inspiration for Socially Engaged Buddhism throughout the world. Bernard Glassman was born Jewish in Brighton Beach Brooklyn, New York in 1939. He was the son of first-generation Jewish immigrants, his mother was Pauline Finkelstein from Poland and his father was Otto Isaac Glassman from Russia. He was raised in a materialistic environment, and he attended the Polytechnic Institute of

Analysis of Pauline Puyat’s Tracks­

613 words - 2 pages must have been his terrible will” (157). Pauline feels that God does not want her to help Fleur, and is preventing her from doing so by deadening her limbs. Although she is trying to help Fleur, she simply cannot. Pauline’s claims that clumsiness and forgetfulness of Ojibwa traditions is God’s ‘terrible will,’ are a claim of validity for both her follies in this passage and her stubborn separations from the Ojibwa. An interesting

Zionism's Change from a Passive Notion to an Active Ideology During the Nineteenth Century

2837 words - 11 pages across Europe. With the emancipation of German Jewry by 1871 every European country except Russia had emancipated its Jews, and the face of "Jewish identity" was challenged. For centuries the Jews of Europe were locked in their ghettoes and shtetls, insulated from outside influences by rampant anti-Semitism. However, with emancipation came the breaking down of barriers both imprisoning and protecting whole Jewish communities

Jews in Russia

1288 words - 5 pages to.Around the middle of the 1800s, the Haskalah movement formed in Russia, it wasdifferent from the enlightenment movement in the rest of Europe. It promotedintellectual and social awareness of Russian Jewry. They used Hebrew and Yiddishliterature to reach the masses.In 1881, Czar Alexander II was assassinated. Once this happened, Alexander IIItook over the throne. That year in April, Anti-Jewish riots or pogroms broke out, itinvolved looting, property

Judaism

620 words - 3 pages social conditions of the time. It taught the Jews to follow the law and at the same time make it an expression for the love of god.The enlightenment in the 18th century brought about differences in the way of living for the Jews by great thinkers by advising them to adapt to the non-Jewish European lifestyle but instead it resulted in the Jewish community becoming secularized.The troubles for Jews did not end there, but in fact took an unexpected

Similar Essays

Modernity And Enlightenment In The Persian Letters By Charles Montesquieu

1347 words - 5 pages Modernity and Enlightenment in The Persian Letters by Charles Montesquieu The Persian Letters (1721), a fictional piece by Charles Montesquieu, is representative of ‘the Enlightenment,’ both supporting and showing conflict with its ideas. The initial perception of European people, in particular the French, is of a busy people with goals and ambition whose focus is progress; in this way they are able to gain knowledge

Analysis Of Neighbors: The Destruction Of The Jewish Community In Jedwabne, Poland By Janet Gross

910 words - 4 pages Most narratives out of the Holocaust from the Nazis point of view are stories of soldiers or citizens who were forced to partake in the mass killings of the Jewish citizens. Theses people claim to have had no choice and potentially feared for their own lives if they did not follow orders. Neighbors, The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland, by Jan T. Gross, shows a different account of people through their free will and

Gay Rights In Russia And Interview Analysis By Fareed Zakaria From Cnn

968 words - 4 pages discriminates. Being gay has always been an issue around the world. There will always be three different sides. The people who are against it, people who are for it, and the people who just don’t care. But, by putting a law over it, it can cause an even bigger commotion. “Being gay is against the law” sounds ridiculous, it shouldn’t be a crime. It is not like you’re hurting anyone. Even if you’re gay or not, you are still human and should be treated equally just like everyone else. In the article, Fareed Zakaria uses enthymeme, climax, and apposition to effectively convince the people of Russia that the anti gay law is unnecessary.  

The First Revolution In Russia Was Followed So Soon By A Second One

1256 words - 5 pages Why was the first Revolution in Russia followed so soon by a second one?Actually the February Revolution in 1917 had been a collapse of tsardom from within rather than an overthrow from outside. The war, intensifying all the problems from which Russia had traditionally suffered, had played an important role for the fall of the traditional regime. But the decisive reason was that unlike to 1905 revolution, the leadership elite was on the people