Treatment Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

1072 words - 4 pages

There are different ways to help treat obsessive-compulsive disorder whether it be by the use of medication or psychotherapy. Neither of these course of treatments is able to completely eliminate all the obsessions, compulsions, or any of the symptoms associated with OCD, but they do help diminish them so that the patient in question can gain control of their social life and workplace behaviors. In order to prescribe a treatment plan for a patient, the patient must first undergo a careful evaluation in which many different aspects of their lives are overseen. It is not rare for a treatment plan to change as time progresses and the doctor evaluating the patient learns more about their life or if the patient’s symptoms have changed in any way.
The medication most commonly prescribed to OCD patients include antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication. Antidepressants are sometimes more helpful than anti-anxiety medications, but they may also cause the patient to have suicidal thoughts. Those taking either of the two medications should be closely watched, particularly when they first begin their course of treatment. Psychotherapy is more helpful for treating OCD than medication in most cases. One type of psychotherapy a patient can get is cognitive behavior therapy. Cognitive behavior therapy teaches patients to think and react in different ways when they are in a stressful situation. They are also taught how to reduce anxious feelings without having any obsessive thoughts or giving in to their compulsions. The most effective type of psychotherapy is exposure and response prevention. Here the patients are exposed to the situations they fear the most and essentially forced to learn how to prevent their rituals from invading their response actions. The results of any type of treatment vary from patient to patient. Some may benefit more from taking medication, others from therapy, and some will do better with a combination of the two.
There have been various studies that have made attempts to figure out what the cause of OCD could be. For instance, in a 2009 study conducted by Atmaca, Yildirim, Ozler, Koc, Kara, and Sec, the size of the pituitary gland of patients with OCD was studied to see if it differed from that of someone without OCD. The study took twenty-three patients with OCD who were all around the age of thirty and measured the size of their brain, total white and grey matter, and their pituitary gland. To make sure that these results were not compromised by any of the patient’s medication, they were each required to have stopped taking their medication and stop any other form of treatment they were receiving two weeks prior to the study taking place. This study found that there was a significantly smaller pituitary gland in the patients with OCD than in the control group. They also found that while there was no correlation between the size of the pituitary gland and the severity of the disorder, there was one with the duration of the...

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