Treatment Of Substance Use Disorders Essay

1691 words - 7 pages

The route to drug addiction originates with taking drugs and over a period of time, an individual’s capability to choose not to do so becomes compromised, and as a result trying to find and consuming the drug becomes uncontrollable. This behavior results mainly from the effects of continued drug exposure on brain functioning. Alcohol, cocaine, and cannabis are just a few things that thousands of Americans can get treatment for. Many of the goals of treatment include abstinence, no alcohol or drug use at all, or controlled use, the idea that substance abusers may be able to use substance under control. Doctors often get together to help those with addictions in hopes to make them sober once again. When the idea of treatment comes into your head, it probably looks like a small group of people sitting around a room confessing their addiction. There are many other aspects to treatment that people receive that people tend to not hear about.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a worldwide organization of self-help groups based on alcohol abusers helping each other achieve and maintain sobriety. The main goal of this group is 100% abstinence. Dr. William D. Silkworth stated that “the alcoholic or alcohol-dependent person is biologically different from others and therefore can never safely drink any alcohol.” (410). This disease is not one that you can blame one for having. The dependent is expected to for handling the disease as best as they can and use the approaches AA mainly practices.
One of the major approaches is the Twelve Steps. Some of the Twelve Steps include admitting that we are powerless over alcohol and make a searching and fearless moral inventory of us. Celebrity rehab is a big part of our culture and is featured on shows such as, “Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew.” This show has celebrities check in for treatment and throughout the 10 episodes you see them grow and change until they graduate. Between celebrities and “normal” people, the AA organization gives treatment to those in need.
A substance abuser is often in denial that what they are doing is wrong or the substance is slowly gaining a power over their life. A new treatment called motivational enhancement therapy attempts to shift the focus away from denial and toward motivation to change (413). Less ready substance abusers should receive motivational interviewing where an assessment of the behavior and consequences is completed to see the abuser’s stage of change. The stage of change is a model for decision making consisting of pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. In the pre-contemplation stage the abuser sees no problem existing. The contemplation stage, the abuser sees a potential problem and gives consideration to get help. Preparation stage the abuser wants to change and makes plans to, as the action stage the steps are taken which could include treatment. The last stage maintenance involves activities to help maintain the change.

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