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Renaissance. Essay

1559 words - 6 pages

To better explain and tell about the Renaissance period, we have to give the explanation of what the Renaissance means. Renaissance is a rebirth of a culture. It occurred in Europe from about the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries. Renaissance was based on rediscovery of the literature, art, music and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. People at that time saw Rome as the base of the civilization. And the important part is that America was discovered at that time, and the reformation began. During the renaissance, the change occurred in everything: in music, literature, art, and architecture. The major shift was from the communal to the individual. The power was also taken away from the church and toward a secular government. It was a period of exploration and adventure. It was also an age of curiosity and individualism. Everything was focused on human life and its accomplishments. With the fall of Roman Empire, the Enlightment came. It happened about 476 AD. The city of Rome was attacked by Barbarians from Germany. Even though Emperor Constantine made Christianity a state religion, the Rome fell little by little. The Catholic Church was far less powerful during the Renaissance than it had been during the Middle Ages. That is when the Protestant Reformation began led by Martin Luther in 1483-1546. The church no longer monopolized learning. The upper classes and aristocrats thought that education was considered a status other than the necessity. They hired teachers to teach their own children. A little before, the books were copied by hands, and were very expensive. But with the Renaissance, the invention of the printing helped to publish the books needed to teach the children. Overall, Renaissance brought a lot of changes into the world in every aspect of it.Renaissance was also a rebirth of art. There were three different parts in the Renaissance: early renaissance (1425-1500), Renaissance and Mannerism (1480-1600), and Baroque (1600-1700). Gothic era was a transition between the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Humanism strongly influenced art throughout the Renaissance period. The high point was reached in frescos and panel paintings. Painters and sculptors were attracted to subjects drawn from classical literature and mythology. Classical mythology was an important source of inspiration for Renaissance art. They once again depicted the nude human body, a favorite theme of antiquity, but an object of shame during the Middle Ages. Medieval painters were more concerned about the religious paintings, other than the beauty of God's creation. On contrary, the Renaissance painters like the famous Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael, were more interested in the real people. They used linear perspective, balance, and a geometrical system that helped them to create an illusion of space and depth. The paintings looked clearer than in the Medieval Era. Backgrounds looked real, not like a foil with figures taped on it. The Virgin...

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