Renaissance Essay

1347 words - 5 pages

Baran 1 Why is the renaissance considered to be one of the greatest periods of human development? Named for the French word meaning "rebirth" this era occurred from the 14th to the 16th centuries in Europe. It was a time of rebirth of interest in the classical learning of the Greeks and Romans. During this age, artistic, religious, political, and scientific thought advanced significantly. In addition to these achievements, some of the most important scientific discoveries of all time were made including the telescope, the barometer, and the pendulum time experiment.The telescope is one of the most important inventions of the Renaissance. Hans Lippershey invented the telescope. He was known as the father of the telescope. He was the first person to use a cylinder with a refracting lens. Any telescopes prior to this were made up of just one lens that was not focusable, rendering the telescope useless. He was the first man to ever gaze into space and discover 2 of Jupiter's moons. He decided to invent the telescope when he saw that the microscope could see very small, so he wanted something that could view another object far away. He was so curious, so he stared at the suns spots too long and went blind (Kozar 33). A second invention of the Renaissance is the barometer. Evangelista Toricelli invented the barometer. He was a famous mathematician and physicist. He was an assistant to the great Galileo Galilee. One day he discovered that he could not pump water more than 40 feet upwards from a well or similar object protruding into the ground. He invented the Baran 2 barometer after this to be able to investigate pressure and why it works like it does (55). He used liquid mercury. Richard Kozar says "The liquid mercury is a vital part of the barometer and is the number one reason why it is so effective and is still in use today by some of the top scientists." The last Renaissance invention is the Pendulum. The pendulum was the first invention ever to tell time with out the requirement of the sun to be near by. Galileo Galilee was the person who invented such technology. Measuring a specific amount of time was physically impossible until Galileo invented the pendulum (27). He used the length to time ratio to see how long a specific length cord would take for one revolution. No matter how far the pendulum swung, it always completed in an exact amount of time. In the next few paragraphs the inventions will be explained in depth.The telescope is one of the most fascinating Renaissance inventions created. Its creator, Hans Lippershey, was the man who made it all happen. The original model only had two lenses (FW Telescope). He later added mirrors to the telescope so the he could improve visual quality and zoom ability (FW Telescope). The original telescope was a mere thirty times zoom. Some modern telescopes are several thousand times zoom. He was the first person to view the moons of other planets; he saw several of the moons of Jupiter (Kozar 33).Some...

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